Aribo (archbishop of Mainz)

Aribo (c. 990; † April 6, 1031 in Como) was since 1021 Archbishop of Mainz. He is buried in Mainz Cathedral. He was probably related to the Emperor Henry II, but can not be accurately detected.


He was the son of the Count Palatine Aribo I of Bavaria and the Adala of Bavaria, the daughter of the Count Palatine Hartwig was again I.. As a descendant of the family of the Bavarian Aribonen he was probably trained in Salzburg. Aribo was involved around 1004 on the foundation of the monastery Göss whose first abbess in 1020 his sister Cunegonde was. Henry II took him around the year 1020 as a deacon in his court orchestra. In September 1021 he received from Henry the Archbishopric of Mainz transferred. In the election of a king in Kamba, a now defunct place on the right bank of the Rhine opposite Oppenheim, Aribo acted on September 4, 1024 as Returning Officer and was its candidate the Salian Conrad enforce the elderly. On September 8, he was crowned at Mainz Konrad king. This rendered Aribo the Italian Erzkanzleramt; so Aribo was head of the entire Reich Chancellery, since he was Archbishop of Mainz, Arch-Chancellor already German. The enforcement of its candidates that line of choice, the Erststimmrecht and for the implementation of coronation brought Aribo the peak of its validity. His metropolis handed et al from the suburbs of today Bremen to just to Meran, Prague up to the Grisons Rhine sources.

But Aribo renounced the coronation of Conrad's wife Gisela and left the coronation the Archbishop of Cologne. This was a scandal, to this day give up the causes of the research puzzle. None of the contemplated conjectures can be proved by the sources. Archbishop Pilgrim saw his chance to win the Coronation right for Cologne in the long run, and Gisela crowned on September 21, 1024 in his cathedral to the queen. Thus, the slow transition of the medieval coronation law of Mainz to Cologne was launched.

Aribo was concerned about the spiritual life and the cathedral building in his episcopal city. He called Ekkehard IV of St. Gallen to Mainz, made ​​it there as head of the cathedral school and charged him with the drafting of verses for a mural cycle of the product currently being construction of the cathedral.

Due to its severe and relentless attitude in ecclesiastical matters Aribos relations were strained to the Pope. Aribo insisted on the independence of the bishop in his diocese. Such was his position at the synod of Blessed city in 1023, that one should not appeal to Rome against an Episcopal criminal judgment. In the same year he represented in the marital dispute of Count von Hammerstein, the canonical position of marriage also against Pope Benedict VIII; this then withdrew Aribo the pallium.

Despite his strained relationship with the Pope Aribo was several times in Rome in 1027 he presided at the Frankfurt synod. 1031 he undertook a pilgrimage to Rome, to whose home he died in Como when he was there magistri Comacini recruit for the restoration of the cathedral. Shortly before his death he had suffered three heavy defeats: the loss of the coronation law, the crackdown on the Hammerstein affair, and the task of Mainz claims to Gander home. His body was brought to Mainz and buried in the west choir of the unfinished cathedral.