Aristide Rinaldine closed as a seminarian at the Capranica College his theological and philosophical studies in Rome with the acquisition of the right to teach in Catholic theology and a doctorate in philosophy from. He received on 6 June 1868, the sacrament of Holy Orders, and then entered the diplomatic service of the Vatican. As secretary, he worked from 1868 to the Apostolic Nunciature in Portugal and Belgium. From 1887 to 1893 he was Internuncio in the Netherlands and Luxembourg, from 1893 to 1896 he was in the service of the Vatican Secretariat of State.
On August 14, 1896, he was named Pope Leo XIII. Titular Archbishop of Heraclea in Europe and the Apostolic Nuncio in Belgium. The bishop ordained by Cardinal Secretary of State Aristide Rinaldine Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro on 20 August of the same year. In 1899, Aristide Rinaldine Apostolic Nuncio in Spain. In 1907, he acted as papal legate to the Pope at the christening of the Prince of Asturias.
In the consistory of April 15, 1907 Pope Pius X took him a cardinal priest with the titular church of San Pancrazio to the College of Cardinals. From 1912 to 1914 Aristide Rinaldine performed the duties of the Camerlengo of the Sacred College. He participated in the conclave of 1914. Aristide Rinaldine died on February 11, 1920 in Rome and was buried in the local cemetery Campo Verano.