Bamfield, British Columbia

Bamfield is a place on the west coast of Vancouver Iceland in British Columbia, Canada, in the municipality of Alberni - Clayoquot Regional District. It is located at the southern entrance to Barkley Sound, an area which can be reached either by sea, from Port Alberni or Ucluelet, or via an 80 km logging road. In 2006 he had 251 inhabitants in an area of 4.75 km ². 123 of the 191 buildings were inhabited. The residents of the area Huu -ay -aht are one of seven Nuu- chah- nulth tribes who live in this Sund.

The place is divided into Bamfield West, located on the Mills Peninsula and only on the water is available, and Bamfield East, which lies on the other side of Bamfield Inlet. The latter is between Bamfield Inlet and Grappler Inlet, at the end of which a small port located ( Port Desire ).


1849 left a ship carpenter named William Eddy Banfield his ship to trade with the Indians in the field of Huu -ay -aht trade. By 1860, Banfield established a permanent trading post which bore his name later. In 1862 he died under mysterious circumstances. While it was a Huu -ay -aht charged with murder, but could be demonstrated not to blame. There is much evidence that he is drowned while canoeing.

Diseases decimated the Huu -ay -aht in such a way that they had to give up in their capital Kiix ( Huu7ii )? . Some of the long houses and piles are still there today. The band hopes to make the village a " heritage site " and open it for tourism. They are supported by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. The Huu -ay around 100 -aht today live mainly in the Pachena Bay. You are about to conclude with the Canadian government and the provincial government a treaty that will significantly increase their reserve, but at the same time privatized their possession.

1902 Bamfield end point of a submarine telegraph cable that linked the British part of North America with Australia. 1903 opened the first post office, but the spelling mistakes of a government employee made ​​from Banfield ado Bamfield - although the place still lies at Banfield Inlet.

1959 closed the telegraph station after the cable had been extended to Port Alberni. There Bamfield Marine Sciences opened in 1972, a research center that also works in the service of tourism. This hitherto tourism focuses on fishing, kayaking and hiking, but extends to cultural and historical areas.


The census in 2011 showed a population of 155 inhabitants of the settlement. The population of the settlement has thereby decreased compared to the census of 2006 at 38.2 %, while the average for the entire province of British Columbia, the population grew at the same time by 7.0%. 85 Of the inhabitants of the settlement were male and 70 female. 92.9 % of residents were older than 15 years, the number of children and adolescents is significantly below the average for the province.

Of the approximately 250 residents of the census in 2006 gave 190 residents claim to have Native American ancestry, 25 were members of a First Nation. Around 50 inhabitants spoke Spanish or Italian.