BBC Radio 1
BBC Radio 1 is a radio program of the BBC, which mainly aims at a young audience 15-29 years. It specializes in new, contemporary and trend -setting music. The DJs of the station have when designing their mission largely free hand. Advertising is - not broadcast - as in all programs of the BBC.
The program of the station was launched on September 30, 1967 at 7:00 clock with the song "Flowers in the rain" from " The Move". First presenter was Tony Blackburn. According to John Peel, who was one of the DJs in the first hour also and until his death in 2004, worked there, was the creation of Radio 1 is a reaction of the BBC and the British government on the wave of protests at the closure of the pirate radio stations, which by 1967 the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act were prohibited ( see, eg, Radio Caroline ). Until then, the BBC had considered pop music as " beneath their dignity ". The development of the transmitter can be roughly divided into two phases, according to Radiorewind.co.uk:
From 1967 to 1993, the "happy sound": Radio 1 common good mood with cheerful presenters and played to the latest hits. A trademark of the channel were, inter alia, the " road shows " where in the summer drove a car transfer to the BBC by the UK and reported by a different place or concerts transferred.
In 1993, the program was radically reformed. Radio 1 should be closer to the pulse of the 1990s, discover new trends and still make known unknown bands. Rock'n'Roll of the old school, to date still a trademark of the channel was largely passée from now on. The best evidence: The band Status Quo, which had given the 25th anniversary of the transmitter 1992, a concert, was not allowed to be played.
Many presenters migrated - along with the music that they played - on BBC Radio 2 from that appeals to an older audience. Some presenters like John Peel, who was the longest-serving Radio 1 DJ (37 years since launch ), however, remained and still shaped the face of the transmitter.
Competitive challenge to the sender by the various commercial local radio stations (such as Heart FM in London or Key 103 in Manchester ), numerous pirate radio stations especially in London, but also by " Virgin Radio " on medium wave. But Radio 1 by the unique in Central Europe web site tries to draw attention to themselves. For all shipments sent to Radio 1 can be heard seven days after its transmission in the so-called BBC iPlayer. Presenters such as John Peel and Annie Nightingale gained such worldwide fame. 2003, the readers of the magazine Spex Radio One the best radio station of the year.
For decades, broadcast Radio 1 alone on medium wave and partly ( in the frequency split with BBC Radio 2 ) on FM. Radio 1 was thus audible at night in parts of Western Europe. End of the 1980s, then came the first sole FM frequency for Radio 1 in London to do so. Finally, the frequency power was so far removed that Radio 1 was nationwide receivable from 97.6 to 99.8 MHz on FM. Therefore, the program identified in his jingles for a time as a Radio 1 FM 97-99 or FM, Radio 1, to draw attention to the receptivity via VHF. In the summer of 1994, the medium wave broadcasting was stopped and handed over the commonly used frequencies to private companies.
Furthermore, the program of BBC Radio 1 can also be received via DAB (channel 12B).
About ASTRA 19.2 ° East analogous to receive the program for years in stereo. Today, it is located on the ASTRA 28.2 ° East and is easily digitally to all markets in Germany and much of Europe. From 2013, the BBC radio programs are, however, move to the Astra satellite 2f for good reception in Germany is much more difficult.
The program of Radio 1 is - like almost all BBC Radio programs - available as a live stream on the Internet. Most shipments are also made available for one week after broadcast in reduced sound quality.
The BBC in 2002 took the digital ( DAB, DVB -T, Internet streaming and via ASTRA digital) receivable additional program BBC Radio 1Xtra with black music, hip-hop and drum and bass into operation.