Belote is the name of a well-known and popular French card game. In the Netherlands, this game is known as Klaverjassen.
Belote originated at the beginning of the 20th century in France; a number of games in Europe are very similar to the card game formerly also known as Belotte, including Jass from Switzerland, Germany and clips from Klaberjass from the Netherlands. Together with (French ) Belote Tarot is one of the most popular card games in France and Bulgaria.
Belote is derived possibly from the name of F. Belot from, is said to have perfected this game of Dutch origin. Another theory attributes it to the expression bel atout (nice stocking ).
For Belote 32 cards with French design can be used. As a card values occur: Ace, 10, King ( Roi ), Queen, Jack ( Valet ), 9, 8 and 7 respectively in the four known colors Cross ( trèfle ), spades ( pique ), heart ( coeur ), Karo ( carreau ) ( order of colors in descending order).
Number of players, object of the game
As a rule - deviations are possible! - Belote is played four of them, namely in 2 teams of 2 players. The aim is to provide a predetermined score (usually 501, possibly even 301) to achieve; who has succeeded in this first wins.
Note: When the trump suit so the boy is the highest card and the 9 the second highest!
Beginning of the game
First, each player is dealt five cards. Then the remainder of the pile, the top card is turned over. Now In turn, players must decide whether they accept this face-up card; if someone does, he becomes the captain ( preneur ), and the color of the card is accepted Trumpf ( atout ). The remaining cards are then issued, while a less to the lessee. Sit all the players card, they may determine in a second pass, if they want to be captain, and if so, what color stockings should be. If even in this case no captain emerged ( Zero Emissions donne ), a new round is started.
Progress of the game
Messages in the game
If a player has three cards of one color in a row ( 7, 8, 9 - 8, 9, 10-9, 10, B - 10, B, D - B, D, K - D, K, A ), it may make a Report third. If a player has four cards of one color in a row ( 7, 8, 9, 10-8, 9, 10, B - 9, 10, B, D - ...), it may make a fifty, or even so-called Report of five goats. At 5 cards in a row (7, 8, 9, 10, B - 8, 9, 10, B, D - 9, 10, J, Q, K - 10, J, Q, K, A) notify the relevant player one hundred.
Furthermore, there are scarves:
- 4 x Jack = 200 points
- 4 x 9 = 150 points
- 4 x 10 = 100 points
- 4 x Lady = 100 points
- 4 x King = 100 points
- 4 x Ace = 100 points
- 4 x 8 = nothing
- 4 x 7 = nothing
One player plays a card. Then the other players must now play a card of the same color as the established manner. If such does not exist, must (if present) a trump card to be played, or any card, if no trump card is present.
If a trump card played, a higher trump is always play out. As an exception, if the pair of players was the trick, as well as a low card for playout is possible if one is available. It is considered a trump in all colors and tricks when in the trump suit.
The player who has both king and queen of the trump suit in possession, can announce, Rebelote in the second when playing the first of these two cards belote.
The four played cards fall to the person who placed the highest card.
The next round begins: The player who has won the last trick plays a card, then the others will follow, etc. This is repeated until all the cards are played.
According to the above table, all the points are added up at the end of a round.
Under some circumstances, the parties will also receive points:
- The last stitch brings the party that has made him 10 points a ( de dix of ).
- If a party has made all engravings, there is a bonus of 100 points ( capot ).
- A belote - Rebelote brings the respective party 20 points.
Summary of points scored
Up to this point have indeed accumulated on both accounts points, but these are counted only under certain circumstances, in other cases one of the parties gets nothing. The following cases can be distinguished:
- The party of the captain has scored more points than the opposing party (le preneur FAIT son contrat ): The points of both parties are ranked on the respective account.
- The party of the captain has scored fewer points than the opposing party (le preneur est Dedan ): When the opposing party not only their own points are counted; rather to come in addition the points of the captain party.
- Both parties have the same number of points (le preneur est mis en litige ): When the opposing party 's own points are counted; the points of the captain Party are "frozen " and evaluated in the next round for the winner of the round.
The game was introduced here in the way it is played in tournaments. Normally, namely further messages can except for trumps couples are submitted, similar to the game Jass, however, results in taking a greater moment of happiness. The links below provide information on some of the many variations that exist for Belote.