Carl Brockelmann

Carl Brockelmann ( born September 17, 1868 in Rostock; † 6 May 1956 in Halle ( Saale) ) is considered one of the most important German Orientalists and Semitists the 20th century.


Carl Brockelmann, son of Rostock businessman and nephew of the owner Ernst Brockelmann. He spent his youth in Rostock. He took first in the summer semester of 1886 studying philology in Rostock, but could then go on a scholarship to Wroclaw. In 1888 he went to the Orientalists Theodor Nöldeke to Strasbourg, where he completed his state examination in the summer of 1888. In the following two years Brockelmann subject and teacher's aide was in Strasbourg on Protestant school. He taught, inter alia, the sons of the Strasbourg manufacturer Adler and Oppenheimer families.

Academic Career

In 1893 Brockelmann received a lectureship at the University of Breslau, in 1900 he became Associate Professor at the University of Berlin in 1903 and Full Professor in Königsberg. In 1910 he followed a call to Breslau, in 1922 returned to the University of Berlin. However, he returned again in 1923 to Breslau, where he became professor emeritus in 1936. He spent his last years in Halle, where he maintained until his 88th year teaching in his field. One of his students was Max Bravmann.

He was instrumental in the development of the DIN standard DIN 31635 ( transliteration of the Arabic alphabet ), which is based on the legend of the German Oriental Society (DMG ) from him and Hans Wehr. It was adopted in 1936 at the International Congress of Orientalists in Rome.


  • History of Arabic literature. Second the supplementary volumes customized edition. Brill, Leiden, 1943. Supplement Volumes I -III. Brill, Leiden 1937-1942 (originally in the literatures of the East in individual representations )
  • History of the Christian literature of the East, 2nd ed Leipzig 1909 ( The literatures of the East in individual representations )
  • Floor plan of the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages ​​, vol 1-2, 1908/1913
  • Semitic Linguistics, 2nd edition 1916
  • Lexicon Syriacum, 2nd Ed Hall 1928
  • Syriac Grammar, Leipzig 1938
  • History of Islamic nations and states
  • Eastern Turkish grammar of Islamic literature languages ​​of Central Asia, Leiden 1954
  • Hebrew syntax. 1956
  • Arabic grammar. Berlin et al 1904, numerous editions, including Leipzig 1960. ( Revision of the grammar of Albert Socin. )