Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz

Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz ( born January 30, 1716 in Stockholm, † March 1, 1796 ) was a Swedish architect.


Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz was the son of the architect Göran josuae Adelcrantz (1668-1739) was born. Following the wishes of his father, he embarked on a career as an official, but after the death of his father in 1739 he undertook a four -year study trip to France and Italy. From the returned study tour, he was employed in the construction of the Royal Palace in Stockholm, at its completion, according to the plans of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, he was involved under the supervision of Carl Hårleman.

In the following decades, Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz made ​​a brilliant career. In 1757 he was, inter alia, Oberintendent (chief ) of the Building Authority, the same year he was elected president of the Academy of Drawing (now Art Academy ) nominated and in 1766 he was elevated to a baron.

During the reign of Gustav III. he led several projects castle, including the radical transformation of the locks Ekolsund and Fredrikshov. However, his major work is the Royal Swedish Opera House (1775-1782) and the theater ( 1762-66 ) and Chinese palace ( Kina Slott 0.1764 to 66 ) at Drottningholm in the Rococo style. These two buildings led in 1991 to accommodate the Drottningholm Palace in the World Heritage Site of UNESCO. The only church that he designed, the neoclassical Church of Adolf Fredrik ( Adolf Fredrik - Kyrka ) in Stockholm ( 1768-83 ) with details in Rococo.

Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz is considered one of the most important Swedish architect of the second half of the 18th century, embodied by his long work of two architectural ideals of the time: the Rococo and the French style of the Louis XVI classicism oriented Swedish coinage, called Gustavian style, whose main representatives it counts.