Catbalogan is the capital of the Philippine province of Samar. She is not only a political center, but also the commercial, commercial, educational and financial center of the province. The city is also a major seaport for shipping within the regional islands. The geographical position of the location within the Eastern Visayas makes it an ideal access to the three located on the island of Samar provinces.
Origin of the name
The original name of the place was Katbalaugan or Kabalaugan. The two syllables of the name to connect the prefix or Kat Ka with the noun balaug from the Samar - Leyte Visayan language ( Waray ). " Katbalaugan or Kabalaugan " means a place where looking sailors, fishermen or sailors protection. The old fishing village of Katbalaugan or Kabalaugan was once a port of refuge for the people who sailed the Philippine waters on small boats and sailors and had to bring to the north and south-west monsoon winds that came up during the months of July, August and September, in security.
The city has a strategic location on the western coast of the province of Samar within the district VIII (Eastern Visayas ). It is surrounded by the municipalities Tarangnan and San Jorge in the north and in the east of Jiabong. To the west of Catbalogan, the Bay of Maqueda, which forms a part of the Samar - lake covers. The Pan - Philippine road passes through the town from the district of San Vicente in the north and passes through the outskirts to Barangay Lagundi in the south. Catbalogan City is located about 820 km from the Philippine capital Manila.
The city occupies a total area of 274.22 km a ². The center of the city alone has an area of 1.3 km ².
The topography of Catbalogan City is rough and the surrounding mountains, the area is relatively high. About 2% of the land area is flat and mainly situated in the coastline. In contrast, 43% are hilly and 55 % are traversed by mountainous sections. The largest river is the Antiao River, which winds its way along the mountains of the urban area.
The coastline of the city is composed of numerous bays that surround the outer districts and other districts. The coastline stretches over a length of 16 km. At the administrative area of the city are just as some islands and islets. The largest of them is Iceland Buri, about 6 km north of the city center is located and is connected by a causeway to the mainland. On it is also the provincial airport of the city. A small archipelago is located about 7 km south of the town center and includes the islands Darahuway, Mahaba, Baiao and Malatugawi.
The main language both in the urban area as well as throughout the province is Waray - Waray. In addition, the dialects of Cebuano and Tagalog are widely scattered.
Catbalogan City is politically subdivided into 57 barangays in total.
- Alba Late
- Canhawan Guti
- Canlapwas ( Pob. )
- Darahuway Daco
- Darahuway Guti
- New Mahayag
- Old Mahayag
- Poblacion 1 ( Barangay 1)
- Poblacion 2 ( Barangay 2)
- Poblacion 3 ( Barangay 3)
- Poblacion 4 ( Barangay 4)
- Poblacion 5 ( Barangay 5)
- Poblacion 6 ( Barangay 6)
- Poblacion 7 ( Barangay 7)
- Poblacion 8 ( Barangay 8)
- Poblacion 9 ( Barangay 9)
- Poblacion 10 ( Barangay 10 - Monsanto Street)
- Poblacion 11 ( Barangay 11)
- Poblacion 12 ( Barangay 12)
- Poblacion 13 ( Barangay 13)
- Muñoz ( Poblacion 14)
- San Andres
- San Pablo
- San Roque
- San Vicente
- Toto Ringon
Note: Población (Spanish for population) referred to in the Philippines often several barangays located in the center of a city community.
Catbalogan has a small airport on Buri Iceland, which is designed for private aircraft and charter jet to Manila, Cebu and other, not-too- distant targets.
The Port of Catbalogan ( Piers I and II) is declared as a national port. He is the main port for passengers and freight to and from Manila, Cebu, as well as to other cities in the Philippines.
Climate of Catbalogan is well suited for the cultivation of crops. Although the soil of the city area favorable to the growth of plants, the agricultural sector played a minor role in the development of the village.
The main food of the city is rice, with a share of 90 %, and maize, which originate from the fields of widely scattered barangays. The productivity of the agricultural area of Catbalogan is not particularly high, due to the bad roads, the charge transport between farms in the suburbs designed for field work and the market places of the city by high costs. The large land areas of the city are generally divided into agricultural and forest land. Agricultural lands occupy while 63.83 % while the wooded areas a total of 36.15 % of the city are taking. The main products are copra, abaca, rice, root vegetables, fruits, bamboo and Nipapalmen
24 of the 57 districts have access to the sea. The most important fisheries products along the Maqueda Bay and in the Samarsee are Galonggong, Alumahan ( a Makrelenart ) Tamban, Pompano ( Jack Fish ), Lapu- Lapu, rabbit fish and pony fish. Other marine products include seaweed, oysters, crabs and mussels.
The location of Catbalogan was founded as a settlement sometime in October 1596 by priests of the Jesuit order. The monk Francisco de Otazo, who came to the Philippines in 1596, founded a mission in the territory of modern urban area to spread the Catholic faith among the inhabitants of the area. 1627, the village was raised to the status of a Residencia (German residence ). On October 17, 1768 Catbalogan was ceded to the Franciscans, which they took over from the Jesuits.
During the early days of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, the island of Samar was subordinate to the jurisdiction of Cebu. Later, she was appointed as an independent province. In 1735, Leyte and Samar were combined into a common province, was the seat of government in Carigara on Leyte. Already in 1768 Samar was again separated from Leyte and again formed a separate province, which was ruled by Catbalogan from.
On January 27, 1900 U.S. troops occupied during the Philippine - American War the village. The civilian government was then established on 17 Juni1902 with Julio Llorente of Cebu as the first governor of Samar.
On May 24, 1942 Japanese forces landed in Barrio Pangdan and occupied the town until she could be freed on 18 December 1945 by American and Filipino troops again.
On 19 June 1965, the Philippine Congress of the Republic Act 4221, which divided into three Samar provinces adopted; in Western Samar, Eastern Samar and Northern Samar. After Catbalogan held the status of capital of Samar 197 years, the seat of government of the new province of Western Samar surrounding them was transferred to the municipality of Calbayog. On June 21, 1969, with the Republic Act No. 5650, the name of the province of Western Samar changed in Samar and the seat of the provincial government transferred back to Catbalogan.
The worst disaster in the history of the place was a large fire that broke out on April 1, 1957, a conflagration kindled, which evolved into a destructive conflagration, which destroyed numerous land and wreaked damage of 30 million pesos. The next major fire broke out on May 19, 1969, caused a loss of 20 million pesos and destroyed the centuries-old church of Saint Bartholomew.
In the early 1960s, the idea came up to make appoint Catbalogan into a city. In 1969, Fernando P. Veloso supported the House Bill No. 1867, which provided for the survey Catbalogans in the city state. The applications, however, was ignored for a long time and failed due to the strong opposition position of the League of Cities of the Philippines. ( League of Cities of the Philippines ).
With the support of Senator Alfredo S. Lim and with effect of Republic Act No. 9391 Catbalogan the municipal law was on 15 March 2007 but eventually betrayed. Meanwhile, residents ratified this decision in a referendum on 16 June 2007.
The climate of the city belongs to the Climatic category IV, the year can occur over at the rain. There is here no dry season, yet the months of February, March, April and May is characterized by lower rainfall of. The largest deposits are in turn expected in the months of November and December. The highest rainfall are at 267 mm / h
Typhoons occur in this province to the late year. This pull 19% of typhoons over the city, with only 5 % of 300 typhoons that hit the region during a period of 6 years, cause severe damage.
- The Bangon cases in Barangay Bangon
- Basiao Iceland Beach
- The Buri Baras Cove Beach Resort on Buri Iceland
- The Cal - apog Leopard Beach Resort in Barangay Pangdan
- The Igot Bay
- Malatugawi Iceland Beach
- The Mendoza Beach Resort
- The obelisk in the heart of Catbalogan City's Samar Provincial Capitol Park
- Payao Beach
- The Santa Barthalome Catholic Church
- The Sunshine Beach in Barangay Guinsorongan
- The Waray Banwa coral reef at Guinsorongan ( Sunshine) Beach.