Tagalog language

Spoken in

50 million ( second language )

  • Austronesian Malayo -Polynesian Western Malayo -Polynesian Zentralphilippinisch Tagalog




Tagalog ( dt [ taga lɔk ː ] ) is the most widespread language in the Philippines ( Etymology: origin = taga and ilog = river). Originally Tagalog is the language of Tagalogs who live in the region in and around Manila, the political and economic center of the Philippines. She served de facto but not de jure as the basis for the official national language, Filipino.


Since there from the time before the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century no written language certificates of Tagalog, little is known about its linguistic history. Nevertheless, is thought by linguists, that the ancestors of the Tagalogs as well as its central Philippine cousins, from northeastern Mindanao or the Eastern Visayas come.

The first book written in Tagalog, which is known, is the Doctrina Cristiana ( "Christian doctrine" ) from 1593. You was written in Spanish and two versions of Tagalog, one of them written in Baybayin and the other in the Latin alphabet.

During the 300 years of Spanish occupation clerics have written grammars and dictionaries, the Vocabulario de la lengua Tagala (1835 ) and the Arte de la lengua y Tagala manual tagalog para la adminstraci de los Santos Sacramento ( 1850).

The Poet Francisco " Balagtas " Baltazar (1788-1862) wrote in the early 19th century Florante at Laura 's work partly in Tagalog.


Tagalog is a Central Philippine language within the Austronesian language family. As an Austronesian language Tagalog is related to Indonesian and Malay, Tetum, Maori, Fijian, Samoan, Tahitian, Hawaiian, Chamorro, the Austronesian languages ​​of Taiwan and Malagasy.

Tagalog is directly related to the languages ​​spoken in the Bicol and Visayas regions Languages ​​Bikolano, Hiligaynon, Waray - Waray and Cebuano.

Languages ​​that have contributed appreciably to Tagalog are Spanish, Min Nan ( Hokkien Chinese), English, Malay, Sanskrit (via the Malay ), Arabic ( about Malay ) and Northern Philippine languages ​​like the one on the island of Luzon Kapampangan spoken.


For German, the correct pronunciation is to learn relatively unproblematic, as most letters are pronounced similarly as in English.

Exceptions are the following letters and combinations:

  • I speak more like e
  • K is formed in the throat, so that it sounds almost like ch in throat.
  • MGA plural indicator: mah -nga
  • Ng is pronounced as in finger / singing - the letter combination ng is called nang.
  • R always rolling as in Italian
  • S always voiceless as ß
  • Siy like the German ch in the word " I "
  • W consonantal u, w as in English
  • Y as i after vowels and j as before vowels

For emphasis, there are no general rules, but in most cases it is in the last syllable.

Naintindihan mo ba? Naintindihan ko na    Do you understand? I have (now) understood.    Magandang araw po Magandang gabi po    Good day Good evening    Kumusta ka? Mabuti.    How are you? I'm fine.    Anong ibig sabihin mo? Anong ginagawa mo Diyan?    What do you mean? What are you doing?    Mahal kita    I love you    1 - 6 isa - anim    2 - Dalawa 7 - pito    3 - Tatlo 8 - walo    4 - apat 9 - Siyam    5 - lima 10 - sam pu language example

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1:

" Ang lahat ng tao'y isinilang na malaya at pantay - pantay sa karan galan at mga Karapatan. Sila'y pinagkalooban ng katwiran at budhi at dapat ang magpalagayan isa't isa sa diwa ng pagkakapatiran. "

( All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. )

Writers in Tagalog

One of the famous playwright, poet and journalist who wrote almost exclusively in Tagalog, Patricio G. Mariano was. He also translated Jose Rizal's Noli Me Tangere and El works Filibusterismo first into Tagalog.