38.330636.3248Koordinaten: 38 ° 19 ' 50 "N, 36 ° 19' 29" O
Comana (Greek τὰ Κόμανα; Latin Comana Cappadociae; Hittite probably Kummani ) was an ancient city in Cappadocia, now the village in the valley of Şar Göksu at Tufanbeyli in the province of Adana ( Turkey).
Comana was probably the capital of Kizzuwatna and already Hittite times a cult center. Here it was especially Hepat, worshiped the wife of the Weather God Teššup and her daughter Sauska. Since the Hellenistic period, it was next to the Pontic Comana one of the two cult centers of the goddess Ma (Roman Bellona ), with its orgiastic cult. The Temple State was led by a chief priest, who came immediately after the king of Cappadocia in rank.
After the conversion of Cappadocia into a Roman province 18 AD changed the status Komanas. Under Nero, coins pass down the name of Hierapolis. A tribute to the Roman governor Marcus Hirrius Fronto Neratius Panza from the year 77 calls the people, the Council and a local official of the city.
A Roman inscription, a spolia from the village school, originally an Armenian church, called a Iulius Proculeianus as legate of the Emperor Titus. Governor of the province of Galatia Cappadocia et Pontus at the time was Marcus Hirrius Fronto Neratius Panza, from which also present an inscription from Comana.
Harper also holds the Praeses Provinciae of Noricum (N [ Orici ] M [ edi ] t [ erranei ] ), Hermodorus Aurelius, who had restored a Mithraeum in Virunum, for a citizen Komanas. The family grave was perhaps in Kırık Kilise north of town.
Today A late Roman diocese lives as titular Comana Armeniae further the Roman Catholic Church.
Before the First World War, the village was inhabited mainly by Armenians.