Croton eluteria

Croton eluteria

The Kaskarillabaum ( Croton eluteria ) is a plant of the species-rich genus Croton in the family of Euphorbiaceae ( Euphorbiaceae ).


Croton eluteria grows as a shrub or small tree and can reach heights of growth up to 12 meters. The straight trunk diameter reaches to about 20 centimeters. The bark of the trunk is pale yellow-brown with fine cracks; it points at intervals to white or gray spots. The stalked leaves are often somewhat pointed heart-shaped at the base and blunt. The upper leaf surface is pale green to gray- green; the underside is densely covered with a silvery coating that acts white from a distance. At tree-like growing specimens the leaves are relatively smaller and narrower.

Croton eluteria is monoecious getrenntgeschlechtig ( monoecious ). The flowers are bunched together in simple terminal or axillary inflorescences aged men. The stalked, small, white flowers exude an intensive pleasant fragrance.


The distribution area of Croton eluteria lies in the Neotropics. The original home is situated in the Caribbean (including Jamaica, Bahamas). In Mexico, Guatemala, Panama and the South American countries Colombia and Ecuador, it is now widespread.


We used the type for flavoring alcoholic beverages ( Campari ). The essential oils are used for flavoring tobacco. Even in folk medicine is the use of type.

The drug is called Kaskarillrinde German, Spanish Cascarilla ( Cascarillae Cortex, Cortex Cascarillae, Eluteriae Cortex, Cortex Thuri ) is the dried bark.


The Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné listed the species under the taxon Clutia eluteria in his 1753 published work Species Plantarum. The Scottish botanist William Wright was referring to 1787 on this basionym, but the type of the genus Clutia moved into the genus Croton and ordered her today valid taxon Croton eluteria to.


  • . Joseph P. Remington, Horatio C. Woods et al: The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 20th Edition, 1918 Cascarilla: C - P. 53-57 - pdf