Down Beat

Down Beat is an American jazz magazine with the world's highest circulation and the first magazine of this music genre. It was first published in July 1934 in Chicago and has been published since April 1979 back in monthly order. From the beginning, a "Reader's Poll" for the best musicians was announced. Since 1953 there is also a " Critics Poll " for all instruments and genres. These awards are among the most prestigious in the jazz world.

Publication history

The title Downbeat refers to the first downbeat of a bar that is struck by the conductor or bandleader vertically downward (down). The magazine was founded in Chicago in July 1934 by the insurance agent Albert J. Lipschultz, the Chicago musicians as well as insurances offered and annuities. The first issue consisted of eight pages and cost ten cents. The main rival of Down Beat magazine Jazz was the Metronome. First, the paper was published monthly from 1939 twice a month on the first and the fifteenth day. From January 1946 to April 1979 you published a fortnightly edition.

The influential chairman of the musicians' union James C. Petrillo (see recording ban ) forced Lipschultz 1934 to either only insurance policies to sell to the musicians or to issue a jazz magazine, but not being able to do both at the same time. Lipschultz then sold the sheet to Carl Cons and the former saxophonist Glenn Burrs for $ 873 in November 1934. Both editors Cons and Burr represented as values ​​and goals of progressive New Deal ideals.

1950 John Maher editor of the magazine. When he died in 1968, his son Jack Maher ( 1925 - February 14, 2003 ) was able to hold the sheet only through the use of its total equity in the family. Thus he saved the magazine from being taken over by the confessed jazz friend and Playboy publisher Hugh Hefner. Maher Jr. led a not a new publication policy. He presented now without restrictions black musicians on the down -beat Cover and committed such a prestigious music critics like Leonard Feather, Nat Hentoff, Dan Morgenstern, Ralph Gleason and Ira Gitler, which in turn were very receptive to modern jazz over. Of present publisher is the long-term down-beat - editor Frank Alkyer.

Since 1936, the magazine published surveys among their readers about the most popular jazz musicians by division, the Down Beat Reader 's Poll, as well as other later jazz magazines (such as Metronome 1939-1961, or the Swing Journal ). They were and are of great importance to the jazz scene, particularly in the United States. From 1953 came Downbeat Critics Polls added, in which the selection has been made worldwide of about 50 critics as the mid-1970s and 2010 by 84 you chose in the categories Established Talent ( Established Talent) and New Star ( from 1963 talent deserving resist recognition).

Down Beat Lifetime Achievement Award

Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame

Public vote unless otherwise specified critics choice ( listed separately) until 1961. Starting in 2010, added a veteran Committee other musicians. Official home of the City Jazz Club from Universal Studios in Orlando ( Florida).

Veteran Committee election: