Freddie Hubbard

Frederick Dewayne " Freddie " Hubbard ( born April 7, 1938 in Indianapolis, Indiana, † December 29, 2008 in Sherman Oaks, California ) was an American jazz trumpeter.

Life and work

In his youth, Hubbard played with different musicians in Indianapolis, these included Wes Montgomery and his brothers. He studied music in his hometown and then moved to New York.

Hubbard's career began in 1958 in New York City. There he worked with Ornette Coleman (on whose album Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation ), John Coltrane (on the album Ascension 1965), with Eric Dolphy ( with whom he lived 18 months and from whom he learned the " intervallic " Playing with jumps of two octaves), Slide Hampton, JJ Johnson, Philly Joe Jones, Quincy Jones ( soundtrack to the film the Pawnbroker by Sidney Lumet ), Oliver Nelson and Sonny Rollins together and was identified by its interaction with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers from 1961 to 1964 known. Hubbard played on Blue Note Records from 1960 to 1965 eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman. Most of these recordings are now considered classics. 1970 established him his fiery, melodic improvisation and his phenomenal technique as a leading trumpeter of his time; however, he brought a series of commercially oriented smooth jazz albums also negative reviews.

Many of his records have influenced whole generations of trumpeters. The album The Hub Of Hubbard (MPS 1970) with songs like The Things We Did Last Summer ( Styne by Jule ) is considered a masterpiece of jazz. His best-known works are published by the CTI Records Fusion albums Red Clay in 1970 and the California Concert of 1971, in which he participated. In addition, the album First Light was published under the same label is to say, for which he won the 1973 Grammy Award for " Best Jazz Performance by a Group". The arrangements and orchestrations for chamber orchestra Victorian info come from the hand of the congenial arranger and composer Don Sebesky.

With Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams, the members of the famous second Miles Davis quintet, he formed the group VSOP since 1976, which was also on tour in Europe and several albums grossed.

A lip crack in the upper lip, followed by infection ( the suspicion of lip carcinoma was confirmed after a biopsy not ) paralyzed in 1993 for a long time his artistic work. With the album " New Colors " (2001) he made ​​a comeback on flugelhorn succeeded ( the less lip voltage required).

2006, Hubbard received the NEA Jazz Masters Fellowship.

Freddie Hubbard was in a Los Angeles hospital, where he died on 29 December 2008 of heart failure since a heart attack in November 2008.

Discography (selection)

Albums under his own name

As a sideman

  • Ornette Coleman Free Jazz 1960
  • Tina Brooks True Blue 1960
  • Eric Dolphy Outward Bound 1960
  • Oliver Nelson Blues and the Abstract Truth 1961
  • Dexter Gordon Doin ' Alright 1961
  • Art Blakey: Mosaic 1961
  • Bill Evans: Interplay 1962
  • Herbie Hancock Takin Off, Blue Note 1962
  • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers: Free for All 1964
  • Eric Dolphy Out to Lunch 1964
  • Herbie Hancock Empyrean Isles 1964
  • Herbie Hancock Maiden Voyage 1965
  • Bobby Hutcherson: Dialogue 1965
  • John Coltrane Africa / Brass 1961 Ascension 1965
  • Sonny Rollins East Broadway Rundown 1966
  • Herbie Hancock V.S.O.P, 1977
  • Kirk Lightsey Temptation 1987