Wayne Shorter ( born August 25, 1933, Newark, New Jersey) is an American jazz saxophonist and composer. With John Coltrane and Sonny Rollins, he belongs to the " front line " of the saxophonist in modern jazz. " His game is characterized as poetic, enigmatic and at the same time natural and entirely logical in itself. "
- 4.1 lexigraphic entries
- 4.2 Other sources
Shorter played for Horace Silver and Maynard Ferguson before he joined Art Blakey 's Jazz Messengers from 1959. He was musical director before he was headhunted in 1964 on the recommendation of John Coltrane by Miles Davis. He also published the most highly acclaimed albums under his own name, as in 1964 NightDreamer as his first album for Blue Note. From 1964 to 1969, he was - in addition to Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams - a member of the second "classic " Miles Davis Quintet, for which he wrote many compositions that have become classics, including the pieces "Footprints" and " Nefertiti ". Shorter was the "logical" successor of John Coltrane in Davis ' group, which was further supported by the fact that he at Blue Note at that time under his name a quartet plate with Coltrane's companions McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones grossed ( Juju ).
In 1970 he founded together with keyboardist Joe Zawinul and bassist Miroslav Vitouš the legendary jazz - rock group Weather Report, who later Jaco Pastorius and Peter Erskine belonged. In the time of the early Weather Report, Shorter also falls largely change the tenor saxophone, which he had until 1968 played exclusively on the soprano saxophone and Lyricon. In parallel, he played since 1976 again acoustic jazz with VSOP.
Since the dissolution of Weather Report (according to Joachim -Ernst Berendt's " the most successful of all jazz - rock groups " ) worked Shorter solo. He accompanied Carlos Santana and the Rolling Stones on tour and played on several albums by Joni Mitchell and Steely Dan. For the past 10 years he has led a highly acclaimed quartet with pianist Danilo Perez, bassist John Patitucci and drummer Brian Blade ( CD: Footprints Live, Beyond the Sound Barrier and Without a Net ).
2003 and 2005, he received the albums Alegría and Beyond the Sound Barrier, respectively the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album.
In 2003, Wayne Shorter won the annual Kritikerpoll Downbeat magazine equal in five categories: For Footprints Live! as " Album of the Year ", as " Jazz Musician of the Year " and composer for the " Acoustic Jazz Group of the Year " and on the soprano saxophone. When Kritikerpoll 2013 Wayne Shorter was again in four categories above: For Without a Net as " Album of the Year ", as " Jazz Musician of the Year " and on the soprano saxophone as well as the "Jazz Group of the Year ". For the piece of orbit, he received a Grammy for best jazz improvisation.
Shorter's daughter Iska died in 1985 Mary ( b. 1971 ) after an epileptic seizure. In 1996, Shorter's wife Ana Maria ( * 1947 ) and her niece Dalila Lucien, the 17 -year-old daughter of singer Jon Lucien, the TWA 800 plane crash off Long Iceland killed.
1999 Shorter married his third wife, the Brazilian singer Carolina Dos Santos, a close friend of his late wife. Shorter is an avowed Nichiren Buddhist and follower of Soka Gakkai.