E. O. Plauen
Erich Ohser ( born March 18, 1903 in Untergettengrün, Amtshauptmannschaft Oelsnitz, Kingdom of Saxony, † April 6, 1944 in Berlin), known eoplauen under the pseudonym, was a German artist that stands out for its father - and -son cartoons awareness obtained.
When Erich Ohser was six years old, in 1909, the family moved to Plauen. There he successfully completed an apprenticeship as a locksmith and then studied, against the wishes of the parents, from 1921 to 1926 in Leipzig at the State Academy of Graphic Arts and Book Trade. By the way, he worked at the New Leipzig newspaper, where he was taken by his editor Erich Knauf known with Erich Kästner. The friendship of the "three Erich " began.
After studying Ohser quickly became known as a book illustrator was (among other things he illustrated books of poetry Kästner ) and as a cartoonist ( for example in the SPD newspaper Forward). In particular, his caricatures of Hitler and Goebbels attracted the hatred of the Nazis on him. Together with Kaestner and the Hanoverian photographer Hein Gorny he went on trips to Paris, Moscow and Leningrad ( where his rejection of communism took shape ). In 1930 he married his fellow student and Marigard Bantzer, their son Christian came a year later to the world.
The seizure of power by the Nazis meant the end for the political signatories Ohser. His application for membership of the Reich Press Chamber was refused, what a prohibition equaled. From then on, his wife had to support the family.
End of 1934, Ohser competed at the Berlin Illustrirten newspaper that was looking for a comic similar to the Mickey Mouse, with a design of father and son. Ohser was not allowed to publish under his real name. He first received the award after he had the pseudonym eoplauen (his initials and the name of his hometown ) gained, and on the condition not to engage in political activity. In December 1934, the first series of pictures of father and son came out three years then appeared weekly in this prestigious and high-circulation magazine.
The publisher also published three book editions, all of which were successful. Then could eoplauen continue to work and in 1940 editor of the weekly magazine The kingdom, which emphasizes liberal and gave critics and non - NSDAP members was established. There he was known as a cartoonist, with his Stalin cartoons were regarded as particularly successful.
In 1942, founded by Goebbels "German character Film GmbH " eoplauen worked together with Manfred Schmidt, the creator of Nick Static, on the 17- minute animated film Armer Hansi, which was released in 1944. Content of the film: The canary Hansi escapes from his cage, because he has fallen in love with a passing flying swallow. But because the husband of the beloved rather rudely responded and given the dangers that experienced Hansi outside of the bars, he returns penitent to his cage, where he is awaited by a Kanarienvogeldame.
His aversion to the Nazi regime could not conceal eoplauen permanently. On February 22, 1944, the written denunciation Ohser by its neighbors Bruno Schultz, a captain in the Wehrmacht Propaganda Division of the High Command of the Wehrmacht, passed to Goebbels. Ironically, a friend of Erich Ohser, who worked in the used by Goebbels, responsible for the disinformation of the foreign office Schwarz van Berk journalist Gerhart way, was tasked with reviewing the credibility of the witness Schultz and confirmed in a memorandum dated 7 March 1944 " that the information contained on February 22, 1944 in his record be factual. " On March 28, 1944 Ohser and his friend Erich Knauf were arrested. The trial before the People's Court should be opened by Roland freisler on April 6. eoplauen committed suicide the night before suicide by hanging. Knauf was executed in May.
Work and assessment
The father - and - son - illustrated stories are still the most famous works Ohser and act of a father and his cheeky little son, who struggle with the problems of everyday life and sometimes also experience great adventure. They were very popular and are fast - also because they get a majority without text - known in many countries of the world.
The gallery was opened in Plauen eoplauen on 1 October 1993. It was a joint project of the city of Plauen and its twin city of Siegen, North Rhine- Westphalia and the Salamander AG. Since 1995, the city of Plauen gives the eoplauen price in his memory, together with the eoplauen Society. On 24 September 2010, inaugurated in Plauen as a new home the Erich Ohser house.
1999 Erich Ohser was with a commemorative plaque on the house, was honored at the Feldberg 3, in Berlin- Kaulsdorf. In the Dudenstraße 10, at the house of printing a stumbling block for Erich Ohser was moved on November 30, 2013.
- Father and son. All the pranks and adventures (jewelery edition). Südverlag, Konstanz 2003, ISBN 978-3-87800-042-6
- Father and son. Volume 1 Südverlag, Konstanz 1999, ISBN 978-3-87800-001-3
- Father and son. Volume 2 Südverlag, Konstanz 2000, ISBN 978-3-87800-002-0
- Father and son. Volume 3 Südverlag, Konstanz 1999, ISBN 978-3-87800-003-7
- The best stories of father and son. Anthology. Ravensburger publishing house, ISBN 3-473-54240-7
- Erich Ohser / e.o.plauen. Political cartoons, drawings, illustrations, and all picture stories "Father and Son" ( complete edition ). Südverlag, Konstanz 2000, ISBN 978-3-87800-037-2 ( with bibliography )
- Erich Kästner, heart on waist, drawings by Erich Ohser, Leipzig, Kurt Weller 1928 edition. Zurich, Atrium, 1985, ISBN 3-85535-905-9.
- Erich Kästner, A man gives information, drawings by Erich Ohser, Berlin, German Publishing Company 1930 edition. Zurich, Atrium, 1985, ISBN 3-85535-907-5.
- Erich Kästner, singing between the chairs, drawings by Erich Ohser, Berlin, German Publishing House, 1932 edition. Zurich, Atrium, 1985, ISBN 3-85535-908-3.