Ezh (letter)

Ezh ( capital letter: ʒ, lowercase letter: ʒ, Unicode U 01 B7 and U 0292 ) is a letter in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA ), it represents the voiced postalveolar fricative dar. Example: Gage [ ga: ʒə ].

Ezh is used in some orthographies of Skoltsamischen language as a letter, both without addition and with a caron ( Ǯ ǯ ). This call partly voiced alveolar or post- alveolar affricate. The letter is also found in the orthographies of some African languages, for example in the Aja language of Benin and the Daghbani language of Ghana, where the uppercase variant as a mirrored Sigma ( Σ ) looks like.


The shape of this symbol is originally an older version of the letter z, z with the bottom loop.

As a phonetic symbol, the letter from Isaac Pitman Ezh alphabet dates back to 1847, when a z -added hook. The symbol is based on the form of the Latin z broken in Scripture. In Unicode, however, the fracture point z ( tailed Z or Z with bottom loop ) is considered as a character variant of z and not of Ezh.

In contexts where the tailed Z ( or Z with bottom loop ) as opposed to the tailless Z ( or Z without bottom loop ) is used, especially in the standard transcription of the Middle High German, sometimes the Unicode character is ʒ used strictly speaking this is incorrect. Unicode provides instead ȥ (z with hook ) as a grapheme for the Middle High German coronal fricative in contrast to the z (z no hook ) designated affricate.

Ezh as an abbreviation for Dram

In Unicode, a character standard, which allows the processing of symbols by computer or by using this on other devices, the ezh as an abbreviation for the unit Dram is used, a pharmacist weight unit that is common in England and North America.

Ezh and yogh

In the first version of Unicode, the letter was merged with yogh, although the two characters completely different descent. This may be because the two letters look similar and appear in any alphabet together. In Unicode 3.0 the yogh two separate code points ( majuscule U 021 C and U 021 D minuscule ) was then assigned.

Ezh and the digit three

The large Ezh looks like the number 3. To distinguish the two characters from each other, has the Ezh at the top of the zigzag curve of the small z, while the 3 is above approximately.

However, there is a variation of the number 3, which looks almost like the Ezh. This modification is formed to prevent the credit to 3 changed to a 8.

Display on the computer

With LaTeX the Ezh can be represented using the fc fonts. The associated commands are \ m Z for the large and \ mz for the small Ezh.