Ferdinand Deppe

Ferdinand Deppe (* 1794 in Berlin, † 1861 ) was a German art gardeners, naturalists, collectors, dealers and painters. He is the discoverer of the Krausschwanzmoho and named after him, lucky clover in Mexico. Its official botanical author abbreviation is " dorks ".


For his participation in the Napoleonic Wars 1813-1815, he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class.

He then continued his education in the gardens of Graz, Vienna, Kassel and Munich, to then continue his horticultural activities in Berlin.

His older brother William Deppe was in the Berlin Zoological Museum (now Museum of Natural History ) as a registrar working.


Expedition participants

The expedition to Central America consisted of the Baron Sebastian Albert Sack, initiator and financier of the expedition and ( conveyor, inter alia by Wilhelm Müller ), ( the after arriving in Central America to yellow fever ) died, his servants, the employees of the Zoological Museum Berlin Häberlein, who traveled to Colombia in advance, and dorks. Baron of blind intended to October in 1825 in Mexico (city) to stay and from there, Guatemala, Nicaragua ( Cartegena ) and to explore 1826 Colombia, Chile and Peru from the first quarter

Expedition to Mexico

Deppe, who took part at the initiative of the financier of the expedition, Baron of sack, broke out in October 1824 from England to Jamaica to Mexico and met in mid-November 1824 in Alvarado, (Mexico ), a. Deppe's expedition began in mid- December 1824 and ended with the shipment of most of the collection to Germany, and his departure from Mexico in March / April 1827 and its further journey to California. Deppe wrote travel reports, the last of which in January 1827 arrived at Martin Lichtenstein in Berlin.

From 1828 up to and including 1830, he explored with Christian Julius Wilhelm differences including the state of Veracruz, as both intended to act with the finds. Diederich Franz Leonhard von Schlechtendal described plants from their collections. Shortly before the end of the expedition, he discovered between 1 and September 3, 1826 between Tehuacán and Teotepec unknown nightshade species and cacti.

1828 was also a sketch of the San Gabriel Mission Deppe (California), which he implemented in 1832 in an oil painting on canvas. It is the first painting that was created from the numerous California Missions and is now in the holdings of the Santa Barbara Mission Archive Library.

Expedition to California

International importance of his 1836 gathered collection of wicker works by the California Indians, which is located in Berlin- Dahlem Ethnological Museum.

Expedition to Hawaii

1837 collected Deppe three copies of the Krausschwanzmoho in the hills on the island of Oahu, the last evidence of the bird first scientifically described by John Gould in 1860.


The information gathered by the expedition collection pieces are in the Museum für Naturkunde (Berlin) and were early on, inter alia, spotted by William Swainson, Johann Georg Wagler, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, John Gould, Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach, Hermann Schlegel and Philip Sclater Lutley.


The species of the genus Dives was described by Deppe in 1830.

In addition, he described the following taxa to different bird species:

  • Abttangare ( Thraupis abbas ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Beryllamazilie ( Amasilia beryllina ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Gelbschnabelkassike ( Amblycercus holosericeus ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Kinglet - warbler ( Basileuterus culicivorus ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Collar Cardinal ( Rhodothraupis celaeno ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Crab Buzzard ( Buteogallus anthracinus ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Nightingale Hummingbird ( Campylopterus curvipennis ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Simple tyrant ( Elaenia mesoleuca ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Trauerstärling ( Dives dives ) ( Deppe, 1830)
  • Violet Sabrewing ( Campylopterus hemileucurus ) ( Deppe, 1830)

Finally, go two more valid subspecies, including the Yellow-breasted Warbler ( Icteria auricollis virens ) ( Deppe, 1830) and the Grausaltator ( Saltator coerulescens grandis ) ( Deppe, 1830) back to him.