Football League Second Division
With the start of the 2004/05 season was the Football League Championship introduced as the successor class of the First Division, which meant that initially the First Division was graded under the official name Football League One for new third-highest class of English football. Among the Second Division was then under the name Football League Two for the new fourth division of England.
At the end of each season, the two got into the table top-ranked teams with the winner of play-offs determined between the clubs, who completed the season between the third and sixth place in the First Division on. They were replaced by the three in the First Division at the end of the table placed clubs. The clubs who have registered at the end of the Second Division in the last four places up on the same principle as in the Third Division, and were replaced by the three winners of the Third Division and the play-off winners.
The Second Division was established in 1892 with twelve clubs. By 1988 the number was gradually increased to 24 clubs, which was enhanced in the following stages:
In the early years the best clubs in the Second Division did not increase automatically in the overlying First Division. They had usually pass against the weakest teams from the First Division a number of test matches, where, for example, Small Heath (as previous club Birmingham City ) as the reigning champion of the Second Division in 1893, the rise after defeats against Newton Heath ( later Manchester United) was denied.
Winners of the Football League Second Division
Winner of the old Second Division format (1893-1992) now: Football League Championship
Winners of the new Second Division format (1993-2004) now: Football League One
- Football League Second Division