Large Copper ( Lycaena dispar )

The Glossata are a sub- order of the butterflies (Lepidoptera ). They contain three exceptions, all the families of this order of insects.

  • 3.1 Notes and references
  • 3.2 Literature



The Glossata differ greatly from the other three, pristine submissions. The mandibles are much reduced form, and the maxilla is missing one of the sclerotized Kauladen that Lacinia.Bei some families, such as the Mirage moths ( Eriocraniidae ), but the back is still Lancinia formed at the base of the inner side of the maxilla to a folded membrane recognizable. In these types and outbound from the head lacinia muscle is available.The second Kaulade of maxilla, the Galea is transformed into a proboscis, which consists of two half flexible tubes that are connected with folded seams. Between the two tubes, the suction tube may be added to the liquid food is formed. The proboscis is coiled in rest position spirally under the head. In some families this achievement, the distal ( directed away from the body ) part of the labium is the hypopharynx but again stunted and zurückgebildet.Das Prälabium, ( Annex to head capsule ) is formed only in the less-developed families and indeed to a narrow lobe. The Infrabuccaltasche missing at the base of the hypopharynx ( a bag-shaped pocket on the underside of the oral cavity ). The cerebrum ( paired, rag -shaped part of the brain ) is connected to the neurons of the esophagus below the channel, which are referred to as suboesophageales ganglion.


The lower part of clypeus ( front plate ) at the caterpillar is hairless and not clearly defined. That is true of the primitive families of Glossata very well be the case, so this feature can not be clearly assigned to the suborder. These caterpillars are also well-trained mandibles present (eg deceit moths and Acanthopteroctetidae ). The caterpillars have well trained silk glands at the apex ( tip ) of the Prelabiums the hypopharynx.


Phylogenetic relationships within the Glossata are not completely elucidated. A phylogenetic study by Nielsen & Kristensen ( 1996) based on 46 features yielded the following relationships:

Mirage moths ( Eriocraniidae )