Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau ( born April 6, 1826 in Paris, † April 18, 1898 ) was a French painter and draftsman of the symbolism.


Moreau was 1846 students of Théodore Chassériau at the Académie des Beaux -Arts in Paris. His paintings, watercolors and drawings mainly biblical, mythical and fantastic scenes dar. He exerted great influence on Fauvism and Surrealism from.

Moreau was an excellent connoisseur of the " ancient art ", an admirer of Greek archaic sculptures and a lover of oriental treasures such as silk, weapons, porcelain and carpets. In its picturesque fantasies he immersed himself in the ancient myths, but with him not tied fates and events, but the inscrutability of the dream states and the chill and horror of awakening souls. For all internalization but he gave the colors to the sensual sheen and often refined preciousness of the surface effect. His pictures should emerge from the imagination. You should be parables of sensations, notions, thoughts, inner experiences, and dreamy emotions.

In his two trips to Italy ( 1857 to 1859 after 1841), which led him to Venice, Florence, Rome and Naples, he devoted himself to the art of the Renaissance. He saw the masterpieces of Andrea Mantegna, Crivelli, Botticelli and Leonardo da Vinci in the original.

1888 Moreau was elected to the Académie des beaux -arts in Paris. In 1891, he joined as a professor at the Academy affiliated École des Beaux -Arts in the footsteps of Elie Delaunay. There, Georges Rouault, Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Henri Manguin and Edgar Maxence were among his pupils. He received Sunday in a private setting, young artists such as Ary Renan and George Desvallières.

Moreau died in 1898. He was buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre in Paris.

In his former studio in IX. District since 1903, the Musée national Gustave Moreau. Moreau's works are also in the Clemens- Sels - Museum, Neuss.


Orphée, 1865

Europa and the Bull, 1869

Salomé, 1871

Salome dances for Herod, 1876

Phaéton, 1878

The history of mankind (9 panels ), 1886

Hesiod and the Muse, 1891

Jupiter and Semele, 1894-1895

  • 1869: Saint Sébastien ( Saint Sebastian ), Clemens- Sels-Museum, Neuss
  • 1886: Le Sphinx vainqueur ( The Victorious Sphinx), Clemens- Sels-Museum, Neuss
  • Without year: design, oil on wood, 27 × 21.5 cm, Musée Gustave Moreau, Paris