Hadera (also Hadera, Hebrew חדרה [ xa'dɛra ], Arabic الخضيرة, Al - Ḫuḍayraḧ ) is a city in northern Israel near the Mediterranean Sea.
The town was founded in 1891 as Moschawa. Hadera is one of the oldest Jewish villages and towns of the modern era in what is now Israel. The name goes back to the previous Arab settlement Hudaira (Green), whose inhabitants had sold the estate to the settlers. These fought in the early years against malaria and tried the surrounding wetlands to dry up; to the first time the now widely used eucalyptus trees were introduced and planted. Support were the first settlers of Baron Edmond de Rothschild, who also sponsored many other housing projects.
The former wetlands are now cultivated land; for a large proportion of the cultivated products are citrus fruits. Even today, located just south of Hadera, a larger marshy woodland.
Hadera has the status of a city council since 1952.
Until the 1950s, Hadera was the capital of the Plain of Sharon. However, after the founding of other cities grew much faster in the environment (especially Netanya ) and now have a greater significance.
In Hadera was founded in 1987, the first democratic school of Israel, the Democratic School in Hadera.
With Nuremberg is twinned since 1995.
→ The results of the census see: Table of municipalities
On the Mediterranean coast Chaderas the important power station " Orot Rabin " is (Hebrew for " Rabin Lights" ), named after the assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The power plant will burn imported coal that is deleted directly abutting a pier of the ships. The power plant is due to the three tall chimneys visible from afar and therefore is regarded as a well-known landmark in the north-central Israel.
For tourists, especially near the Carmel Mountains and the excavated ruins of a few kilometers north- west in the Caesarea with many relics from the Roman period are interesting.
- United States Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States since 1981
- Germany Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany since 1995
- Netherlands Haren, Groningen, The Netherlands
- United States Charlotte, North Carolina, United States since 2008
Sons and daughters of the town
- Sarit Hadad, Israeli singer * 1978