Hague Academy of International Law
The Hague Academy of International Law, sometimes referred to as the Hague Academy of International Law, is a teaching and research institution for international law. It was created in 1914 with funding from the American Foundation Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, but also increased due to the First World War only nine years later, their activities on. The Academy is in the tradition of the claim "Peace through Law", which had been established by the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907, and has its headquarters at the Peace Palace in the Dutch city of The Hague. In 1992, she was awarded the Félix Houphouët - Boigny Peace Prize.
Education and research
Focus of the training program of the Hague Academy of International Law are three week courses in private international law or international public law, which are carried out on site in The Hague. Since 1969, the Academy also organizes two -week courses as external programs in different countries. A prerequisite for participation is a graduate in law university studies of at least four years duration with an appropriate share of basic education in international law, or an equivalent thereto postgraduate training. Since 2004, there under the name " Seminar for Advanced Studies " complementary ten -day courses on specific aspects of international law with annually changing topics. These are directed not only to lawyers but also to participants from other relevant professional fields such as diplomats, journalists and international experts in the field of economy.
Selected students who can demonstrate a well above-average level of knowledge and skills in the field of international law and to participate in additional studies, able to complete the training with a diploma after an oral examination and writing a dissertation. This has been awarded to 230 graduates from 1950 to 2007 at. At the Research Centre of the Academy of highly qualified lawyers can also attend one month longer periods under the supervision of internationally recognized experts in international law research stays.
The languages of the training courses at the Hague Academy of International Law are, with simultaneous translation, English and French. The published under the title of " Recueil des Cours de l' Académie de Droit International de La Haye " course material currently comprises a collection of about 300 volumes, and thus represents one of the world most extensive sources of information on international law dar. is the library of the Peace Palace for research purposes that is used together with the International Court of Justice also established.
Responsible for the content development of the activities of the academy consisting of 16 members of the Board of Trustees. As the President currently serves the former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros- Ghali. The Academy does not have a permanent faculty, the teachers are selected rather by the Board of Trustees of qualified persons from the academic world or from the legal and diplomatic practice and invited. The administration is under the Secretary-General of the academy, who is also a member of the Board of Trustees. This office currently holds Yves Daudet, a professor of international law at the University of Paris I Panthéon- Sorbonne.
Among the graduates of the Academy are a number of internationally renowned jurists and politicians, such as Peter Tomka, Judge at the International Court of Justice, the former Dutch Foreign Minister Ben Bot, the U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, the president of East Timor and Nobel Peace Prize winner José Ramos -Horta and Joseph Sinde Warioba, former Prime Minister of Tanzania.
As teachers acted in the history of the Academy, among others, the German constitutional and international law expert Robert Redslob, the Swiss jurist Jean Pictet, the Dutch diplomat Eelco N. van Kleffens, the American lawyer Manley Ottmer Hudson, the Finnish lawyer Martti Koskenniemi, the Dutch jurist Frits Kalshoven and with Charles de Visscher, Shi Jiuyong, Hisashi Owada, Raymond Ranjeva and Bruno Simma, a number of judges of the International Court of Justice.