Hans Richter (artist)

Hans Richter ( born April 6, 1888 in Berlin, † 1 February 1976 Minusio, Switzerland ) was a German painter, graphic artist, art writer and film artists.

This was based initially on Cubism and Expressionism. 1916 Richter joined the Dadaists in Zurich. In 1921 he came to the experimental film, judge much further developed its abstract category (film as a musical analogy ). 1940 emigrated judge in the United States.


Hans Richter, son of the Legation Council Moritz Richter and Ida Gabriela Rothschild, started at the age of 14 years with the first graphic works. He began studying architecture in 1906. Two years later began to judge his studies at the Academy of Arts in Berlin and from 1909 at the art school in Weimar. Judge quickly turned to the artistic avant-garde of his time, in addition to contacts with the expressionist storm, edited by Herwarth Walden, he worked for the magazine action. In the field of painting Cubist works such as cello ( 1914) emerged. His first solo exhibition was organized Richter in Munich at the Gallery Goltz.

From 1916 to 1918 verschlug Hans Richter to Zurich. He came into contact with the local Dada movement ( Tristan Tzara, Hans Arp, and others). In Zurich learned judge also eight years older than Viking Eggeling know, first under the influence of abstract " roll" pictures were taken. Both artists employed during this phase with the musical counterpoint doctrine of Ferruccio Busoni. The search for a universal artistic grammar employed both artists alike. The exchange with Eggeling proved to be productive. 1921 originated in small Kölzig with 21 rhythm judge first abstract film. However, the dating of the film is controversial, since the title was first elected subsequently.

From 1922 came judge to Berlin again. During this time he joined the De Stijl group and the constructivists. A short time later (1923-1926) he published the magazine G with Werner Graeff and Mies van der Rohe. In the following years produced some innovative films. 1926 Judge used in film study is the first component of the objective world, but he been converted into by skillful assembly to abstract elements of style.

Richter 1933 could emigrate via the Netherlands and Switzerland, but in 1940 he succeeded to emigrate to the United States. Once there, he succeeded in 1941, a teacher at the College of the City of New York to get, he took over as manager of the Film Institute. Still in 1944 he began preparations for what might be his most famous work, Dreams money can buy did, the film was completed in 1947. In this masterpiece appeared, among others, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Fernand Léger and Man Ray with. Another well-known film was made in 1956 in collaboration with Jean Cocteau. In 8x8 processed judge cinematically eight chess games, again he was a prominent cast aside: the, also known as chess players very successful artist Marcel Duchamp ( in the role of White King ), Hans Arp, Alexander Calder, Jean Cocteau, Max Ernst, Richard Huelsenbeck J. Levi, J. Matisse, Dorothea Tanning and Yves Tanguy.

The painting took a judge in the 1960s, again, it created works with historical themes. His art-historically important memories of the Dada period formulated judge in the work dada art and anti-art. Contribution Dada to the art of the 20th century in 1964 in 1971 he received a Film Award for his many years of outstanding work in the German film. In 1973 he wrote encounters, from Dada to the present day.

In addition to Oskar Fischinger, Walter Ruttmann and the Sweden Viking Eggeling, Hans Richter is one of the most important representatives of early abstract film in Germany.

Judge was married to the photographer Meta Erna Niemeyer ( Ré Soupault ).


  • DADA art and anti-art, Cologne 1964
  • Liberation of Paris, 1945-46, Paris, Musee National d' Art Moderne.
  • Fugue in Red and Green, 1923, New York, Coll H. Richter.
  • Orchestra, 1915, Milan
  • Prelude, 1919, New Haven ( Connecticut ), Yale University Art Gallery.
  • Rhythm 21, 1921/24
  • Rhythm 23, 1923/24,
  • Film study, 1926
  • Inflation, 1928
  • Racing Symphony, 1928
  • Ghosts Before Breakfast, 1927
  • Dreams money can buy did in 1947
  • 8x8, 1956
  • Dadascope, 1957


  • In collaboration with Werner Graeff: Film opponents of today - film fans tomorrow. Hermann Reckendorf, Berlin 1929 ( reprint with foreword by Hans Richter. ( = Film Scientific study texts. Vol. 2, ZDB - ID 2020529-6 ).

Tube, Zurich 1968).

  • The battle for the film. For a socially responsible film. Edited by Jürgen Römhild. Hanser, Munich, etc. 1976, ISBN 3-446-12281-8 (1939 written ).