James Brooks (politician)

James Brooks ( born November 10, 1810 in Portland, Maine, † April 30, 1873 in Washington DC ) was an American politician. He represented 1849-1853, then 1863-1866 and 1867-1873 the State of New York in the U.S. House of Representatives.


James Brooks was born about one and a half years before the outbreak of the British - American War in Portland. He attended public schools and the Academy in Monmouth. After that, he taught at the age of 16 years at a school in Lewiston. In 1831 he graduated at Waterville College in Maine. He studied law and edited the Portland Advertiser, where he was in 1832 its correspondent in Washington. Brooks sat in the 1835 House of Representatives from Maine.

In 1836 he ran unsuccessfully for a congress seat. He then moved the same year to New York City, where he founded the New York Daily Express, whose editor in chief, he was for the rest of his life. In 1847 he sat in the New York State Assembly.

In the congressional elections of 1848, he was as a Whig in the sixth electoral district of New York in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Horace Greeley on March 4, 1849. After a successful re-election in 1852, he suffered a defeat and retired after the March 3, 1853 from the Congress of. He then worked as an editor again.

Brooks ran as a Democrat in 1862, in the eighth electoral district of New York for a congress seat. After a successful election, he resigned on March 4, 1863 the successor of Isaac C. Delaplaine. Two years later, Brooks was re-elected, however, challenged William E. Dodge his re-election on a technicality when the login is successful, so that he resigned from Congress after 7 April 1866. Then Brooks candidate in the following midterm elections again for the same seat he was elected to the 40th Congress, and reelected to the two succeeding Congresses. In 1872 he was re-elected in the sixth district of New York in the U.S. House of Representatives. Brooks resigned on March 4, 1873 the successor of Samuel S. Cox. However, he died on 30 April 1873 in Washington DC and was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. As a congressman, he took in 1867 at the Constitutional Convention of New York. In October of the same year he was appointed as Government Director of the Union Pacific Railroad. In this context he received on February 27, 1873 by the U.S. House of Representatives reprimanded for attempted bribery ( Crédit Mobilier scandal ).