John W. Gardner

John William Gardner ( born October 8, 1912 in Los Angeles, California, † 16 February 2002 in Palo Alto, California ) was the sixth health, education and welfare minister of the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson. He was also president of the Carnegie Corporation and the founder of two influential national U.S. organizations: Common Cause and Independent Sector. He also wrote books about the improved guidance in American society and other subjects. Gardner was also the founder of two prestigious compounds, The White House Fellowship and The John Gardner Fellowship at Stanford University and UC Berkeley.

Gardner held the position as health, education and welfare minister at the height of the domestic agenda of Johnson's Great Society program. During this time, the Ministry took over the huge task of the emerging health insurance system Medicare, which brought a quality health care for seniors and the significant spread of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 monitored, the newly defined the federal role in education and targeted support for poor students. Gardner was also instrumental in the creation of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 1970 Gardner created the Common Cause, the first non-profit public interest group in the United States. He also founded the Experience Corps.

Gardner was awarded the 1964 Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Books, writing and speeches

  • Excellence: Can We Be Equal and Excellent Too? (1961)
  • To Turn the Tide (1962 )
  • Self- Renewal (1964 )
  • No Easy Victories (1968 )
  • The Recovery of Confidence (1970 )
  • In Common Cause (1972 )
  • Morale (1978 )
  • Quotations of Wit and Wisdom (1980 )
  • On Leadership (1990 )
  • Living, Leading, and the American Dream ( 2003)
  • Uncritical lovers, unloving Critics (1968 )