The Kainji National Park ( Kainji National Park ) is a national park in the west of Nigeria on the banks of the Niger. It lies at an altitude 120-340 m. The annual rainfall is 1000 mm.
In the 1900s, the area of the Kainji National Park was reported for the first time as a forest reserve. After an examination of the wild animal population in West Africa in 1932, Colonel AH Haywood recommended the establishment of a game reserve, among others, in Borgu and in the field of Old Oyo National Park. In 1963, the Borgu Game Reserve was established with an area of 245 km ² as the second game reserve in Nigeria, six years after the founding of the Yankari Game Reserve. The establishment of the Zugurma Game Reserve followed in 1971, and both parties were given the status of a national park in 1979. 2008, a Ramsar site was established around the reservoir lying in Foge Islands.
The Kainji National Park consists of two parts, the Borgu Game Reserve with an area of 3929 km ² in the West, just ten kilometers from the border with Benin and the Zugurma Game Reserve 1370 km ² in the east. In between is the Kainji Reservoir, which is partially protected from fishing.
In Borgu Game Reserve, the greater part, prevail dry savannah, in tall grasses and forests. Through this landscape of water throughout the year leading Oli River, which then flows into the Niger flows. The Zugurma Game Reserve east of the lake, however, is covered by tropical rainforest.
In Kainji National Park 63 mammal species, 241 bird and 28 reptile and amphibian species have been recorded so far. Among the mammals include lions, hippos, Kob, baboons, Rotflankenducker, bushbuck, reedbuck, duiker, horse, cow and Lyre antelope, Oribi, African buffalo, warthog, leopard, caracal, hyena and hedgehog. Earlier, the National Park also had African elephants, but they wandered off to Benin; Cause were probably the warplanes that started in the town of Wawa.