Kozani (Greek Κοζάνη ( f sg ) ) is a city and municipality in northern Greece. It is the capital of the region of Western Macedonia and second largest community in Macedonia.
- 3.1 Economics
- 3.2 infrastructure
- 3.3 traffic
- 4.1 Famous people
- 4.2 Attractions
Kozani was founded by Christian settlers, after the Turkish ruler of the Macedonian levels retreated into the mountains. The secure location of the city soon attracted other Christians, who were expelled from Epirus. During the 17th and 18th century trading transactions reported to the countries in Central Europe, the city the opportunity to develop economically.
Early 19th century travels of Englishman William Martin Leake Kozani. He describes the city as a collection of 600 to 700 houses as well as a good bazaar and market, which was held every Saturday and attended by both the Ottoman ( Turkish ) as well as of the Greek population. Leake also reported that Kozani would maintain close trade relations with Germany and Hungary before his stay; according to wealthy merchants would have had their residence in Kozani. In addition, Kozani would be the frequent residence of the Greek Orthodox Bishop of Servia and Kozani.
During the Second World War Kozani was occupied on 12 April 1941 by the Wehrmacht, and remained until October 28, 1944, the day the German retreat under German occupation. During the German occupation in particular was the bishop of Kozani ( and Servia ) a supporter of the Greek resistance against the German occupation forces. Kozani was also the seat of the small Greek resistance organization EKA ( Ethniki cinema Niki Amyna ).
On May 13, 1995 earthquake measuring 6.6 magnitude on the Richter scale hit the town and municipality of Kozani.
Population, administration, politics
Kozani was the beginning of the 20th century a small Jewish community. The Turkish population which had settled in the Ottoman occupation in the 14th century in Kozani and the surrounding region, had to leave, especially after the Greco- Turkish War Kozani and the surrounding region. 1922 were registered in Thessaloniki 13 Muslim persons who were brought to Turkey from the region of Kozani and fled; 1923 there were 26 610 people. 1926 had left all Turkish citizens Kozani and its region.
Kozani was recognized as a municipality ( dimos ) 1918. As part of the Greek local government reform in 1997 numerous settlements, towns and villages were incorporated in Kozani. With the administrative reform in 2010 Kozani was again expanded to four neighboring communities, what the area nearly doubled. The former municipalities from 1997 now form municipal districts, select the communities of localities before 1997, the own local representatives. The population figures are derived from the results of the census of 2011.
- District Dimitrios Ypsilandis - Δημοτική Ενότητα Δημητρίου Υψηλάντη - 2,335 inhabitants Village of Livera - Τοπική Κοινότητα Λιβερών ( Λιβερά ) - 29 inhabitants
- Place Mavrodendri - Τοπική Κοινότητα Μαυροδενδρίου ( Μαυροδένδρι ) - 1,059 inhabitants
- Place Pondokomi - Τοπική Κοινότητα Ποντοκώμης ( Ποντοκώμη ) - 1,116 inhabitants
- Place Sideras - Τοπική Κοινότητα Σιδερά - 131 inhabitants Ktenas - Κτενάς - uninhabited
- Sideras - Σιδεράς - 131 inhabitants
- Village of Agia Paraskevi - Τοπική Κοινότητα Αγίας Παρασκευής ( Αγία Παρασκευή ) - 637 inhabitants
- Place Chromio - Τοπική Κοινότητα Χρωμίου ( Χρώμιο ) - 92 inhabitants
- Place Eani - Δημοτική Κοινότητα Αιανής ( Αιανή ) - 2,006 inhabitants
- Place Keraséa - Τοπική Κοινότητα Κερασέα ( Κερασέα ) - 165 inhabitants
- Place Kteni - Τοπική Κοινότητα Κτενίου ( Κτένι ) - 73 inhabitants
- Place Rodiani - Τοπική Κοινότητα Ροδιανής ( Ροδιανή ) - 295 inhabitants
- Place Rymni - Τοπική Κοινότητα Ρυμνίου ( Ρύμνι ) - 161 inhabitants
- Place Amygdalea - Τοπική Κοινότητα Αμυγδαλέας - 66 inhabitants Amygdalea - Αμυγδαλέα - 13 inhabitants
- Anatoli - Ανατολή - 26 inhabitants
- Stavroti - Σταυρωτή - 27 inhabitants
- Kesaria - Καισάρεια - 615 inhabitants
- Kipos - Κήπος - 129 inhabitants
- Kondovouni - Κοντοβούνι - 45 inhabitants
- Pyrgos - Πύργος - 71 inhabitants
- Place Kilas - Τοπική Κοινότητα Κοιλάδος - 662 inhabitants Kilas - Κοιλάς - 296 inhabitants
- Thymaria - Θυμαριά - 274 inhabitants
- Kremasti - Κρεμαστή - 92 inhabitants
- Agios Dimitrios - Άγιος Δημήτριος - 830 inhabitants
- Agio Pneuma - Άγιο Πνεύμα - 1 neighbors
- Akrini - Ακρινή - 960 inhabitants
- Prophet Elias - Προφήτης Ηλίας - 15 inhabitants
- Drepano - Δρέπανο - 1,287 inhabitants
- Galani - Γαλάνι - 15 inhabitants
- Anatoliko - Ανατολικό - 28 inhabitants
- Kapnochori Καπνοχώρι - 301 inhabitants
- Skafi - Σκάφη - 2 neighbors
- Klitos - Κλείτος - 1 neighbors
- Neos Klitos - Νέος Κλείτος - 407 inhabitants
- Agia Paraskevi - Αγία Παρασκευή - uninhabited
- Agii Theodori - Άγιοι Θεόδωροι - 18 inhabitants
- Levendis - Λεβέντης - 7 inhabitants
- Polymylos - Πολύμυλος - 408 inhabitants
- Zoodohos Pigi - Ζωοδόχος Πηγή - 3 residents
- Place Alonakia - Τοπική Κοινότητα Αλωνακίων ( Αλωνάκια ) - 368 inhabitants
- Place Anthotopos - Τοπική Κοινότητα Ανθοτόπου - 153 inhabitants Anthotopos - Ανθότοπος - 114 inhabitants
- Kipario - Κηπάριο - 39 inhabitants
- Charavgi - Χαραυγή - 6 residents
- Nea Charavgi - Νέα Χαραυγή - 1,294 inhabitants
- Kila - Κοίλα - 1,115 inhabitants
- Melissia - Μελίσσια - 26 inhabitants
- Nea cardia - Νέα Καρδιά - 502 inhabitants
- Agia Kyriaki - Αγία Κυριακή - 61 inhabitants
- Girokomio - Γηροκομείο - 133 inhabitants
- Kozani - Κοζάνη - 41 066 inhabitants
- Monastery Analipsi - Ιερά Μονή Αναλήψεως - 217 inhabitants
- Spinari - Σπινάρη - 305 inhabitants
- Z.E.P. ( Zoni Energou Poleodromias ) - Ζ.Ε.Π. ( Ζώνη Ενεργού Πολεοδομίας ) - 822 inhabitants
- Airport - Αεροδρόμιο - 10 inhabitants
- Petrana - Πετρανά - 682 inhabitants
- Tselikas - Τσέλικας - 4 residents
- Hermitage - Σκήτη - 277 inhabitants
- Kokkinaras - Κοκκιναράς - 12 inhabitants
In the local elections of 2010, Lazaros Maloutas prevailed with a list of supporters of the parties PASOK and Democratic Left in the runoff election with 56.56 % of the votes and became the elected mayor, to his coalition won 25 seats in the municipal council. On the list of New Democracy accounted for 12 seats, the list of KKE 2 seats, a coalition of Greens and SYRIZA won a seat; also one seat went to the Alliance Dimos Kozani - Dimos anichtos.
Economy, Infrastructure and Transportation
This area is renowned for the production of the most expensive spice in the world, the red saffron. The cultivation was introduced in the time of the Ottoman Empire and is still maintained. Even cereals and wine were grown in Kozani. Both saffron and particularly cereals were spent on the land routes to Germany and Hungary; according to the trade developed in the 17th century had become wealthy from this merchants and their families. To visit time of William Martin Leake beginning of the 18th century the trade in Kozani experienced a depression; on the one hand, the price dropped from 80 piastres per saffron Oka to 40-50.
The power plants located in the region of Agios Dimitrios and Kardia are according to WWF - list the power plants with the highest emissions of carbon dioxide per kilowatt hour ( kWh) of electricity in Europe.
The city and municipality of Kozani are home to the University of Western Macedonia. A technical college (TEI ) is also based in Kozani.
Kozani is an important crossroads of transport routes in Western Macedonia. The most important mode of transport in both the private, commercial as well as public transport is the road. From north to south, the National Road 3 (Europe Road 65) from Florina and Ptolemais leads coming over Kozani to Servia, Elassona and then Larisa in Thessaly. This north-south axis is the traffic to Florina, Kastoria and Macedonia. From the west, the National Road reached 20 ( European route 90) from Ioannina on Konitsa and Siatista and provides a connection sure to Epirus. To the east the National Road 4 lists loaded from Kozani and Veria via Alexandria to Chalkidona in the Prefecture of Thessaloniki, thereby then to Thessaloniki Until the beginning of the 21st century, all were themselves these roads dual carriageways and significantly with the increase in traffic since the 1990s. The National Highway 3 has been meanwhile back extensively traced out and redeveloped to the north; and to the south the same road was built partly new to Polyfytos Lake. The National Road 4 and 20, however, remained the same, but were relieved from traffic by a new east-west highway, Highway 2 ( Egnatia Odos ). The Highway 2 leads in the West Siatista, Grevena and Metsovo to Ioannina and Igoumenitsa. To the east by Highway 2 leads on the southern slope of the mountain range past Vermio to Veria and then to Thessaloniki, Evzoni, Kavala, Chalkidiki and Alexandroupolis. The extensive road connections are used by intercity buses to Florina, Amyndeo, Thessaloniki, Ptolemais, Veria, and Ioannina.
Kozani has a railway connection. A branch of the route Thessaloniki - Edessa - Florina leads from Amyndeo about Ptolemais to Kozani and ends there. Every day there are three connections to Thessaloniki without the necessity of interchanges. There are two daily connections to Athens; However, travelers must at the station of Platy ( Imathia ) | change.
Personalities and places of interest
- Ioannis Amanatidis, greek football player of Eintracht Frankfurt.
- Georg Karajan, cotton traders, actually Georgios Karajannis ( emigrated in 1767 to Vienna, knighted in 1792 in Dresden), father of Theodor von Karajan and great great grandfather of Herbert von Karajan.
- Euripides Bakirtzis, politicians.
- Diamantopoulou, politician, European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities in the Prodi Commission.
- Architecture: the clock tower Mamatsios ( Mamatsios ) Folkloremusem, villas of " Georgios Lassanis " and " Grigorios Vourkas. "
- Library: Founded in 1668 and with 150,000 books, the second largest public library in Greece.
- Church Agios Nikolaos: 1664 built.
- Archaeological Museum
- Museum of Local History
- Folklore Museum
- Romania Iasi, Romania
- United States Bristol, Connecticut, United States