Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai

Krasnaya Polyana (Russian Красная Поляна ) is a mountain village ( administratively an urban-type settlement ) in the Krasnodar (Russia) region with 4598 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).

The place belongs administratively to Rajon eagle of the urban district of Sochi and is about 40 kilometers in a straight line east-northeast of the center of the Black Sea city of Sochi to about 600 m altitude in the valley of Mzymta. It is surrounded by the mountains of the Caucasus, here ( 3238 m, 3257 m Pseaschcha, Zachwoa Tschugusch 3345 m) reach heights of over 3,000 m and are partly glaciated.

  • 2.1 Population development

Tourism and Sport

In the summer of Krasnaya Polyana is a popular walking and touring area with alpine character. The place is between two together over 400,000 acres of protected natural areas: the Caucasus Nature Reserve in the high altitudes of the mountains and the Sochi National Park towards the Black Sea coast. Due to its scenic resemblance to the Swiss canton of Ticino, the existing lakes and mountains, the area of Sochi / Krasnaya Polyana is also called the "Russian Switzerland ".

2014 Winter Olympics

Krasnaya Polyana has been expanded in recent years with investments worth billions to the exclusive ski resort. In 2014, the snow sports competitions of contracts awarded to Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games will be held here. Part of the alpine competitions will be held in the Pink Chutor about 8 kilometers from Krasnaya Polyana away, where there are four chairlifts today. In Adler new stadiums and modern accommodation for the athletes were built. For the biathlon and cross country skiing competitions throughout the Laura biathlon and cross-country skiing center was built. For the Skispringwettbewerbe the ski - center Russki Gorki was built. The Russian state took over sixty percent of the cost. The rest was financed by the private sector and the state-controlled energy giant Gazprom.

Krasnaya Polyana is the will of the former Russian prime minister and current president Putin to "showcase the new Russia" are, that is exclusive and " world class in every respect ."

However, especially in the wake of the international financial crisis threatened from 2008 on the one hand delays in the implementation of the investments of nine billion euros, as they were called by Putin: It was planned that investors need to invest in tourism and infrastructure in the Games. At the same time the resistance of the population grew: from circles of nature protection, complaining among other things, the destruction of habitats and approximately 20,000 acres of forest, but also of some 1,500 people, the dispossessed and resettled.


1899 received the settlement under the name Romanowsk (after the family name of the Russian Czar dynasty ) the status of a city. After the failure of the expansion plans for a resort for the Russian upper class, they lost this status again, however, and was renamed in 1923 in Krasnaya Polyana ( Red Glade German or Beautiful clearing, depending on interpretation).


Note: Census data