Liverpool Range


The Liverpool Range viewed from Murrurundi from

The Liverpool Range is a mountain range as part of the Great Dividing Range, and a geologic lava field province in New South Wales in Australia.


The Liverpool Range was in the time of the colonization of Australia by Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool named, the Prime Minister of Great Britain.


The mountain range is located about 260 km northwest of Sydney.

Parts of the Liverpool Range form a watershed between New South Wales and its coast and are part of the Great Dividing Range. The western end of the Liverpool Range extends to the Warrumbungle Range.


In the mountain area lived before European colonization, the aborigines of Wanaruah and the Kamilaroi that were repressed in the time of European settlement. The first road in the mountains goes back to William Nowland in 1827, a farmer from Singleton, who built a cattle station in Warrah Creek, which he three months later with the gorge near Murrurundi discovered, which was later expanded by convicts as Great North Road. This road, which remained largely intact in its original form, is now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site because of its historical significance for the life and work of the convicts in Australia.


The range rises as volcanic plateau of the Barrington Tops and extends about 100 km westwards. It forms the northern boundary of the Hunter Valley district.

Volcanic eruptions of the Liverpool Range occurred in the West in this region produce 32 to 39 and in the East 42-39 million years ago.


Higher parts of the Liverpool Range rising to about 1300 m above sea level and formed a significant barrier for the early settlement of Australia.

The first road over the mountain range, the Pandora Pass, discovered Allan Cunningham. This pass is located near the western end of the mountain, north of Coolah Coolah Tops and in the National Park. This crossing is now on the Nowlands Gap ( also called Murrurundi Gap ) of the New England Highway. A railroad runs through the Ardglen tunnel under the pass from Newcastle to Werris Creek. This railway line has great importance for the transportation of coal from the Gunnedahbecken, so the operator will lay a second track.

The southern slopes of the Liverpool Range to be drained by the Hunter River and its tributaries, such as Pages River, which flows through the town Murrurundi. The northern slopes are mainly drained by the Peel River and Mooki River. The Talbragar River and the Coolaburragundy River originate in these mountains, flowing southwest and unite near the town Dunedoo.


The peaks of the mountains are in the winters usually covered with snow. In the mountains many rare species of animals.