Lucius Aelius Stilo Praeconinus
Lucius Aelius Stilo Praeconinus (c. 154 BC, † 74 BC) Lanuvium was the first philologist of the Roman Republic. He came from a distinguished family and belonged to the equestrian.
He was called Stilo (from the Latin stilus "pen" ), for he wrote speeches for others. The nickname Praeconinus he had of his father's profession ( Praeco, " crier, herald public ").
His time he divided up in teaching (though not as a professional schoolmaster ) and literary work.
His most famous pupils were Marcus Terentius Varro and Marcus Tullius Cicero, to his friends he counted the historian Coelius Antipater, and the satirist Gaius Lucilius, who dedicated their works to him.
According to Cicero, who did not think much of Stilos skills as a speaker, Stilo was a follower of the Stoic school. Only a few fragments of Stilos works have been preserved. He wrote commentaries on the hymns of the Salii ( Carmen Saliare ), and probably also to the Twelve Tables.
- Cicero: Brutus. 205-207, De legibus. 2, 23, 59
- Suetonius: De grammaticis. 2
- Aulus Gellius 3, 3, I.12
- Quintilian: Institutio oratoria. 10, 1, 99