Makiko Tanaka (Japanese田中 真 纪 子, Tanaka Makiko, born January 14, 1944 in Tokyo ) is a Japanese politician of the Democratic Party (DPJ ). She was from 1993 to 2012 Member of the Shūgiin, the lower house of the national parliament, from Niigata and Science (1994-1995 ), Foreign (2001-2002) and Minister for Education and Science (2012 ).
Tanaka is the daughter of former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei. She was in her father's former constituency (3rd constituency Niigata, 5 seats) for the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP ) for the first time elected to Shūgiin 1993. She was as head of the Office of Science and Technology, starting in 1994 in the Cabinet Minister Murayama. After the electoral reform they ran successfully from 1996 in Niigata Einmandatswahlkreis 5
From 2001 to 2002 Tanaka Foreign Minister was under Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, from which they but due to differences with the former civil servant Secretary of State ( jimujikan, Eng. Administrative Vice - Minister ) for Foreign Affairs, Yoshiji Nogami, on the participation of NGOs in the International Conference was released on assistance for the reconstruction of Afghanistan. This incident led to a decline in support for Koizumi. According to one poll, 78 percent of the population criticized Koizumi for this release. Tanaka was among the young Japanese voters, especially women voters, very popular.
Shortly after their release as minister, she was initially suspended after a scandal involving abuse reclassified paid by the State Secretary salaries in June 2002 by the LDP Ethics Committee in August 2002 and laid down their electoral mandate. She joined in 2003 as independents, won back their constituency, and then joined the faction of the Democratic Party. Before 2009 Shūgiin choice, she joined the Democratic Party in and won her constituency for the fifth time since its establishment in 1996. Since then it has Shūgiin - chairman of the Committee on Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.
In the third reshuffle by Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda was on October 1, 2012 Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. In December 2012, she lost in the 2012 election Shūgiin their constituency clear to Tadayoshi Nagashima (LDP ), and also missed re-election by proportional representation block.
Her husband is the former defense minister Naoki Tanaka and Sangiinabgeordnete (formerly LDP, DPJ today ).