Katsuya Okada (Japanese冈田 克 也, Okada Katsuya, * July 14, 1953 in Yokkaichi, Mie Prefecture) is a Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for among other things an integrated social security and tax reform and the reform of public services and member of the Shūgiin, of the House for the third constituency Mie. From 2004 until his resignation lost after Shūgiin - election in 2005 he was party chairman of the DPJ, 2009-2010 Minister of Foreign Affairs of his country.
Okada studied law at the University of Tokyo. After graduating, he became a civil servant in the MITI. In 1985, he completed graduate studies at Harvard University. By 36, he was first elected in Shūgiin - election in 1990 for the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP ) to parliament. Within the party he joined first the Takeshita faction, but followed in the dispute over the reform of the political system Tsutomu Hata and Ozawa Ichirō first in the "Reform Forum 21", then in 1993 from the scandal -ridden LDP in the renewal of the party. After the collapse of the anti - LDP coalition Okada 1994 belonged to the New Progressive Party of Toshiki Kaifu and Ichirō Ozawa, then the Minseitō by Tsutomu Hata and finally from 1998 to the Democratic Party.
In 2000, Okada moved as chairman of the policy research committee ( seisaku Chosakai ) on the inner circle of the DPJ party leadership. In 2002 he was defeated Naoto Kan in elections to the party presidency, but was then the position of General Secretary. In 2004, when a scandal involving missed payments into the state pension system to the resignation of party leader Kan and the withdrawal of the " executive chairman " ( Daihyō Daiko ) led Ozawa, Okada was elected in May 2004 unopposed to succeed Kans. His first major task was to lead the party in the Sangiin - election on 11 July 2004. The political opposition, the LDP was indeed led by the popular prime minister Koizumi Jun'ichirô, but was also strongly affected by the pension scandal - Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuo Fukuda was even resigned. Okada's DPJ focused their campaign on the pension system and the unpopular Iraq use the Self-Defense Forces, was able to achieve the highest share of the vote and gained 12 seats. Prior to the early elections in 2005 to Shūgiin Okada was initially as favorite to replace Koizumi as the LDP seemed to stand in the battle over postal privatization of a split. While Koizumi focused on the "rebels " in his own party and thus the postal privatization came to the fore, it was not possible the DPJ, an alternative to Koizumi's economic reforms show: The Democrats, who gained since its establishment until then in every election seats had lost about a third of their mandates. On the day after the election, 12 September 2005, Okada resigned from the party chairmanship. He was succeeded by Seiji Maehara.
Then took Okada various management positions in parliamentary committees and in the party, among other things, he led the DPJ department for combating climate change and the democratic parliamentarians Association for Nuclear Disarmament. In September 2006, he returned as one of the seven deputy party chairman ( fuku - Daihyō ) back into the party executive.
In May 2009, running against Okada Yukio Hatoyama for the party presidency and was defeated with 95 votes to 124 DPJ lawmakers from both chambers. Hatoyama named him after the election of his successor as Secretary General. After the electoral victory of the Democrats in the 2009 election Shūgiin appointed him as Foreign Minister Hatoyama in his cabinet. Under his successor, Naoto Kan, he was transferred to the new Cabinet. In the second intra-party power struggle between Naoto Kan and Ichiro Ozawa in September 2010, Kan Okada appointed as Secretary General of the Democratic Party, successor as Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara was. Kan's successor, Yoshihiko Noda replaced him in 2011 by Azuma Koshiishi, but appointed him in January 2012 as Deputy Prime Minister (formally, " first minister -designate under Article 9 of the Cabinet Law ," naikaku - hō dai - jo - kyū no daiichi jun'i shitei daijin ) and Minister of State for " improving governance " ( Gyosei sasshin ), " new community " ( Atarashii Kogyo ), measures against the declining birth rate ( shōshika Taisaku ) and promoting gender equality ( danjo Kyodo sankaku ) in his reorganized cabinet and also entrusted him with responsibilities for administrative reform ( Gyosei kaikaku ), the integrated social security and tax reform ( shakaihoshō, show Ittai kaikaku ) and " public service reform " ( kōmuin seido kaikaku ).
Okada comes from a traditional family business. His father Takuya made from a family retail ÆON Group, which is now managed by Okada's older brother Motoya.
Okada's brother Seiichiro Murakami is a Member of the Shūgiin from Ehime (LDP, Komura faction ) and former minister.
Okada was his constituency for the Shūgiin, the third constituency of Mie Prefecture, which also includes parts of his hometown Yokkaichi, since its establishment in 1996 five times clearly decide for themselves, most recently with 173 931 to 62 993 votes against Koichi Hirata (LDP, Tsushima faction ).