Mission (British Columbia)
Mission is a place in the Canadian province of British Columbia, which lies on the north bank of the Fraser River. The town was formally founded in 1892 (incorporated ). The place name has been the Oblates of St. Mission Station founded in 1868 Mary's Mission derived, which lay east of the city.
The Fraser Valley is such localities as the Milliken site at Yale and the Glenrose Cannery show at the mouth of the river, inhabited for a long time. Permanent dwellings can be detected from about 3,000 BC. The tribal group for the Sto: Lo belonging Matsqui First Nation inhabited today an island called Iceland Matsqui Fraser. Run back to the earliest inhabitants. Their settlement focus is located 5 km west of Mission on the left bank of the Fraser Reserve Matsqui Main 2 On the reservation lived in February 2009 83 Matsqui, counted a total of 234 members of the tribe.
The first European in the area was probably Simon Fraser, the Fraser River was named after him in 1808 sailed. From the 1820s, the Hudson's Bay Company established Fort, it worked Sto: lo for the Company along their trails as trappers, packers, guides, rowers, couriers or cooks.
The territory of the present-day city was privatized during the Great Country of Sale ( Great Land Sale ) by 1891, when the Canadian Pacific Railway was built. The place was interesting for land speculators, because here the branch of the CPR to the north, the Burlington Northern Railroad should arise.
1891 was the Mission Railway Bridge, which spanned less than Yale as only the Fraser. This had all the traffic between Vancouver and the U.S. run on mission, but only until 1904, when a bridge in New Westminster was created. Only in 1973 was a new bridge in mission.
The center was built between the CPR main line and the river, but he had to be relocated to the north side of the railway embankment after the flood of 1894. The trading center existed only on a length of four to five city blocks.
Largely rural remained the west, the Stave Valley, but was built here by the British Columbia Electric Railway 1961, the Stave Falls Dam, a dam for electricity production. The Stave Falls Power Company maintained a freight and passenger train to the dam. It also about 300 houses were built for the workers.
Through the construction of Highway 1 on the south side of the Fraser in the early 1960s grew the neighboring towns of Abbotsford, Matsqui, Sumas and Langley, but mission lost a large annex of Eaton's, the leading mail order Canada. The construction of a new bridge strengthened the competition, so that mission forfeited shops. This trend was reinforced by a direct connection through the West Coast Express to Vancouver.
The rural neighboring towns in the district mission, such as Silverdale, 7 km west of Mission, was populated mostly by Italian immigrants. There was also a Finnish utopian settlements in Silver Hill, but was followed by a devastating forest fire Scandinavian and German settlers.
The northerly Steelhead emerged as excursion wealthy Vancouveraner. Ferndale, Cedar Valley and Hatzic were populated than rural communities of British immigrants, until the Second World War, lived here also many Japanese who played a role, especially in the fishing industry, the timber industry and in horticulture.
1954 bought land at Benedictine mission and built the monastery and church called Westminster Abbey, and a seminar Christ the King.
In 1969, the population voted for both the city and the district for a merger.
The census in 2011 showed a population of 36 426 inhabitants of the district municipality. The city's population has thereby increased since the census of 2006, only 5.6%, while the population grew throughout the Province of British Columbia at the same time by 7.0%.
According to the economic structure are approximately three-fifths of the working population commutes.
The proportion of the Christian population in 2001 was 55.1 %, of the Sikh 5.1%. As so-called visible minorities ( visible minorities ) the Indians, who make up about 5 % of the population are, in the east, members of the Sto find: lo.
Average fall 1,764 mm of rainfall per year, and July is the driest, and December is the wettest month. In July, the average temperature varies in between 12 and 24 ° C, in December 1-5 ° C. The highest measured temperature of the last decades was 37.8 ° C and the lowest -19.4 ° C.
Formerly most important livelihoods of the farmers was the berry crop, especially the strawberries. However, it was destroyed by the deportation of the Japanese and by the severe flooding of 1948. Only the Empress Foods Co. survived the disaster.
Similar proportions reached the wood industry, which was mainly based on the so-called Red Cedar. Nurseries occupied the entire north and northwest of the district. The nearby Eddy Match Co. between Mission and Hatzic was the largest match factory in the world, but it was closed in the 1960s.
2006 were, in terms of number of employees, the most important economic sectors, the construction industry, the producing sector, the trade, the health and social needs, and the forestry and timber industry.
The average income (median income ) of employees from mission in 2006 was at an average C $ 24 679, while it was at the same time the average for the entire province of British Columbia 24 867 C $. The difference in earnings between men ( C $ 31,943 ) and women ( 19 197 C $) shown in Mission around the province average ( ⌀ - men = 31 598 C $, ⌀ - women = 19 997 C $).
ValleyMAX, a regional transportation system that connects Mission with Abbotsford. BC Transit operates a bus system. There is also the West Coast Express, which connects to Vancouver five times daily.
On the river which is not navigable here, ride canoes and some Jetskis.
Mission is connected via Highway 7 with Vancouver, south of the city Abbotsford is reached via Highway 11, this then leads on to the United States.
Xá: YTEM or XA: YTEM Longhouse Interpretive Centre is concerned with the history and culture of the Indians at the lower Fraser River, especially the Sto: lo, belonging to the Coastal Salish.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Robin Sochan ( born 1977 ), ice hockey player
- Carly Rae Jepsen ( born 1985 ), songwriter