Origo gentis Romanae

The Origo gentis Romanae, literally origin of the Roman tribe, is a short work of history, tells the legends of the Roman prehistory and early history to the founding of Rome.

The Origo is delivered as the first part of the three- Corpus Aurelianum that represents the following two parts of De viris illustribus urbis Romae and Liber de Caesaribus overall development to the year 360/361. And thus the Origo - - As the last part of the historian Aurelius Victor (about 320-390 ) comes, in many cases the entire compilation of the Historia tripertita was the Aurelius Victor attributed. Today, however, it is clear that the " origin story of Rome " on the Res memoria dignae ( " Notable Things" ) of Marcus Verrius Flaccus (about 50 per Chr.-14/37 AD) is declining.

The Origo has maintained its traditional form until the 4th century. In this numerous Roman specialist writers, including Terentius Varro and Veranius Flaccus, and an even older creation story ( Epitome de origine gentis Romanae ), probably dating from the 2nd century, used. The first nine chapters have been revised in the late 4th century, probably in the form of a commentary on Virgil.

The Origo gentis Romanae contains:

  • The occurrence of the gods Ianus and Saturn as a bearer of culture in Italy ( worship of the gods, agriculture, etc.),
  • The rule of Faunus ( Silvanus ) over Italy,
  • The arrival of the Arkaders Evander in Italy and whose friendship with Faunus ( introduction of writing ),
  • The episode of the Shepherds Recaranus or Hercules and the theft of his cattle,
  • The arrival of Aeneas and the Trojans in Latium after the fall of Troy and their odyssey,
  • The Sauprodigium and the founding Laviniums by Aeneas, the friendship between the Trojans and the Latins under their king Latinus, the fight against Turnus and the Rapture of Aeneas,
  • The rule of Aeneas 's son Ascanius, the birth of Silvius, the son of Aeneas and Lavinia,
  • The founding of Alba Longa,
  • The rule of Silvius after the death of Ascanius,
  • The rule of the kings of Alba Longa,
  • The rule of the brothers Numitor and Amulius, the autocracy of Amulius that eliminates his nephew and his niece Rhea Silvia forces them to remain as a vestal without descendants,
  • The rape Rhea Silvia by the god Mars, birth of the twins Romulus and Remus and their suspension, the Capitoline Wolf, the education of children by the shepherds Faustulus ( Lupercalienfest others)
  • The end of the reign of Amulius by Romulus and Remus and the return of the monarchy to Numitor, the grandfather of the twins,
  • The dispute between Romulus and Remus to the founding of Rome, auspices of the twins, the death of Remus, inter alia,