Professional Chess Association

The Professional Chess Association ( PCA) was founded in 1993 by Garry Kasparov and Nigel Short for the marketing and organization of their World Chess Championship.

Kasparov and Short accused the World Chess Federation FIDE, and before President Florencio Campomanes unprofessional work and lack of advocacy. Furthermore, they refused to cede 25 percent of the prize money to the FIDE. FIDE subsequently withdrew Kasparov for the world title and short the right to challenge. In October 1993, the duel against Kasparov Short was held in London. Kasparov won clearly with 12,5:7,5, making him the PCA World Champion. Since the FIDE, Kasparov and Short had disqualified now played Anatoly Karpov and Jan Timman FIDE World Championship title among themselves, which Karpov won. Thus there were now two World Champions, the recognized FIDE World Champion Karpov and the PCA champion Kasparov. In the World Chess Championship 1995 Kasparov defended in the South Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City his PCA world title against the Indian grandmaster Viswanathan Anand. In the same year Kasparov and FIDE ended their dispute and the PCA broke up a year later after the loss of the main sponsor on Intel. Since then, there have been attempts, the two World Championship titles together again, which ended in 2006 with the unification fight between the PCA World Champion Vladimir Kramnik and the FIDE World Champion Veselin Topalov.

Kasparov manifests itself today critically establishing the PCA (It was bad judgment ).


  • Organization ( chess)
  • Chess history
  • International Sports Federation
  • Former Sports Association
  • Established in 1993
  • Dissolved in 1996