Supreme Court of Israel
The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit haMishpat ha'Elyon; Arabic: المحكمة العليا, DMG Al- Mahkamah al-' Ulyā ) forms in Israel the tip of the court system.
Seat of the Court is Jerusalem. Its decisions are binding on all courts in accordance with the doctrine of stare decisis.
The members of the Supreme Court - as all the judges - appointed by the President of the State of Israel to the proposal of a judicial selection committee. The judicial selection committee consists of three members of the Supreme Court ( including its president ), two ministers ( including the Minister of Justice ), two members of the Knesset and two representatives of the Bar Association. It is chaired by the Minister of Justice.
The number of judges is determined by law and is currently 14 Term of office expires with the 70th year.
President of the Court is currently (since 2012) Ash Grunis.
The Supreme Court is the one acting in an appellate court and next to it in the first instance as the High Court of Justice ( Hebrew: Beit mishpat Gavoha Le'Zedek בית משפט גבוה לצדק; abbreviation Bagatz בג"ץ ), especially for the judicial review of laws principals.
Opened in 1992, the courthouse was donated by Dorothy de Rothschild. Outside of the duty room of the President a letter from Mrs. Rothschild to Prime Minister Shimon Peres has been issued, in which it manifests its intention to donate a new building for the Supreme Court. It was designed by Israeli architect Ram Karmi and Ada and siblings Karmi - Melamede.
The Supreme Court Building is located between the Knesset, with which it is connected with a direct gear, and the residence of the Prime Minister. It thus symbolizes the connection between the legislative and executive branches, and is strongly influenced by the Bible and the regulations of the Jewish faith. The modern building also contains Byzantine style elements. It opens to a patio equipped with round arches and a fountain, similar to the Rockefeller Museum. At the entrance, a narrow staircase leads to the top. A Jerusalem stone wall on one side symbolizes the earthly laws, a bare, flat wall on the other heavenly. This juxtaposition can be found but in the entire complex again: old - new, light - shadow, lines - curves, criticism - praise. The whole building is lit by skylight much, so can be omitted in daylight to artificial lighting. The public-access circular library opens to a light-filled pyramid, brighten the room whose circular window. The five sober held courtrooms are strung together, the largest in the middle, the small on the flanks.
This contains numerous artifacts from the Turkish government period of the British Mandate period to the present day.
Light -dark effects in a transition
Mosaic from the Synagogue Hamat Gader
Rear of the building
Supreme Court judge
- Ash Grunis - President
- Miriam Naor - Vice President
- Edna Arbel
- Eliakim Rubinstein
- Salim Joubran
- Esther Chajut
- Yoram Danziger
- Chanan Melzer
- Nile Hendel
- Yitzhak Amit
- Uzi Fogelman
- Noam Solberg
- Zvi Silberthal
- Uri Shoham
- Daphne Barak Erez
President of the Supreme Court were