In phonetics, velar refers to the articulation of a particular sound.
A velar sound is formed by the posterior dorsum of the tongue
- On the soft palate, palatine velum which, a complete closure forms (letters
, , = in IPA font [k ] or [ g] ),
- To the soft palate only strong approaches ( combination of letters
= in IPA font [x]).
Also, in the vowel formation after each highest point of the dorsum of the tongue and in the direction in which aligns the latter, characterized.
The i at the back of the tongue to the palate ( the hard palate front ) approaches, we therefore called a palatal vowel, while the u, at the back of the tongue approaches the soft palate, called velar vowel.
In earlier representations there is also the wrong according to current agreement term guttural sound.