As a glottal is referred to in phonetics a phonation in which the vocal cords, also called the glottis, as an articulation organ serves. A distinction is made between ingressiven and egressiven glottal vocalizations.
Glottal stop in German
The glottal stop [ ʔ ] ( glottal stop engl. ), also called glottal stop, is an integral part of many varieties of standard German. The sound is a taut, egressiver glottal plosive. It arises when the closure and sudden opening of the vocal folds ( see larynx).
The German glottal signal word and syllable boundaries and is also called fixed voice onset. A well known example in order to make the loud aware of is the word pair: travel [ fɛɐ̯ʀaɪ̯zn̩ ] and ice [ fɛɐ̯ʔaɪ̯zn̩ ]. However, since its occurrence there, where it is used, from the phonetic environment is predictable, it usually is not considered a phoneme of German.
Glottal stop in other languages
Among the known languages of the glottal stop is also in Arabic (see Hamza ) and in Danish ( Stod " shock " ) as well as in other Scandinavian languages such as Swedish and Icelandic ago.
The volume is also an integral part of many English dialects, the Cockney dialect deserves special mention. He is also becoming increasingly popular with educated speakers generally in the UK.
The sound [ h] as in house is also a glottal. The sound is also in the glottis ( glottis ) produces, but not as a closure such as [ ʔ ], but as a fricative ( fricative / Tight sound). He is a taut, glottal, egressiver Tight sound that due to a strong air pressure in the vocal tract ( vocal tract ), which consists of the throat, nose and mouth, is produced with.
[ ɦ ] is an unconfined, voiced, glottal, egressiver Tight sound. It occurs in Czech.