Xi Zhongxun

Xi Zhongxun (Chinese习仲勋/习仲勋, Pinyin Xí Zhongxun ) (* October 15, 1913 in Fuping ( Weinan ), Shaanxi; † 24 May 2002) was a Chinese Communist politician and revolutionary and member of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It is attributed to the first generation of leaders in the People's Republic of China.

Xi Zhongxun was in May 1926 a member of the Communist Youth League of China and the Communist Party of China in 1928. Xi was deputy prime minister of China from 1959 to 1962 and governor of Guangdong from 1979 to 1981.

Xi Zhongxun was the mentor of Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao.

In 1962, Xi Zhongxun fell out of favor with the Communist Party, and it was a lack of loyalty to Mao Zedong vergeworfen. In addition, he later denounced the Tiananmen Square Massacre in 1989. Afterwards, he was rarely seen in public, and there are reports that he was in prison.

One of his children is Xi Jinping.


  • China 's New Rulers: The Secret File, Andrew J. Nathan and Bruce Gilley, The New York Review Book
  • The Origins of the Cultural Revolution, Vol 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm, 1961-1966 (Columbia University Press, 1997)