Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing (Chinese张仲景, Pinyin Zhang Zhongjing, W.-G. Chang Chung -ching; * 150, † 219), also known as Zhang Ji (张 机), was a doctor from the time of the Han Dynasty. He is considered an important Chinese doctor at the end of the dynasty. He authored a valid treatment guidelines, collected the medical knowledge of his time and created the basis for Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Although he is well known in modern Chinese medicine and is considered one of the most important Chinese doctors, is Zhang's life little is known. Late sources say that he was born at about the time of 150 AD in Nanyang, lived in Changsha and works and 219 AD died. There is no precise information on dates of his life but there is a match among scientists is that he lived 220 AD before the year.

Due to widespread civil wars suffered in his time many people with fever. Zhang's family was no exception. He learned the medicine from his contemporaries Zhang Bozu, who was his teacher. He studied the existing medical literature and gathered him known medical prescriptions. Then basing he wrote the classic work Shanghan Zabing Lun (Chinese伤寒 杂 病 论, Pinyin Shanghan Zabing Lun, literally " Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases" ). Shortly after the publication of his book was lost in the chaos of war that afflicted the time of the Three Kingdoms. Due to his contributions to Chinese traditional medicine, he is often regarded as the " way " of Chinese medicine.

The knowledge of Zhang's main work Shanghan Zabing Lun was preserved by his followers and compiled by his student Wang Shuhe in two books: the Shang Han Lun (伤寒 论, literally " From Cold damage" ), ( a treatise on the methods of treatment of epidemic fever ) and the influential work Jinkui Yaolue (金 柜 要略, literally "Essential recipes from the Golden box " ) ( a compendium of clinical knowledge ). These two works have been edited several times until the present. Zhang is considered due to the drafting of such works as the founder of " cold damage " school of Chinese medicine. Zhang is buried in Nanyang. His grave and the associated temples are since 1988 on the list of monuments of the People's Republic of China ( 3-240 )

  • Quote: In terms of the high level, medicine is for curing nobles of Their diseases; in terms of the lower level, it is used to save the poor from disaster; in terms of the middle level, it is used to keep us in good health - " Saint in Medicine ".