Changsha (Chinese长沙 市/长沙 市, pinyin Changsha shì ) is the capital of China's Hunan province. As a prefecture-level city, it has an area of ​​11,819 km ² and approximately 7.04 million inhabitants ( 2010). The city lies on the Xiang River and is home to the largest Chinese restaurant in the world, the Xihulou.

On the official website of the city it is, 800 high-rise buildings have been built in recent years, and 200 were under construction ( as of 2012).

Administrative Divisions

At county level, Changsha sets of six districts, two counties and one independent city together. These are:

  • Municipality Yuelu (岳麓 区), 139 km ², 380,000 inhabitants ( end of 2003), center, seat of the city government;
  • City Furong District (芙蓉 区), 42 km ², 350,000 inhabitants;
  • Tianxin District (天心区), 74 km ², 400,000 inhabitants;
  • City Kaifu District (开 福 区), 187 km ², 400,000 inhabitants;
  • City Yuhua District (雨花 区), 114 km ², 440,000 inhabitants;
  • Municipality Wangcheng (望 城区), 1361 km ², 700,000 inhabitants, capital: greater community Gaotangling (高 塘 岭镇);
  • District Changsha (长沙 县), 1997 km ², 730,000 inhabitants, capital: greater community Xingsha (星 沙镇);
  • Circle Ningxiang (宁乡 县), 2906 km ², 1.29 million inhabitants, capital: greater community Yutan (玉 潭镇);
  • Liuyang City (浏阳 市), 4999 km ², 1.38 million inhabitants.

The then five boroughs (without Wangcheng, 2011 the municipality was only on 20 May) had in 2010 along about 2.3 million inhabitants.


In 1904, Changsha became an open port for foreigners. In the following years, many Europeans and Americans settled. The foreign influence was especially apparent in the construction of churches, educational institutions and small factories.

In the years 1912 to 1918 Mao Zedong lived as a student in Changsha. In this period was his turn to communism. He returned already in April 1919 back to Changsha, where he married his second wife, Yang Kaihui. 2009, a 32 -meter-high bust of the young Mao was built of granite in Changsha.

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, large areas of the city were destroyed and rebuilt after the founding of the People 's Republic of China again.

Since 2009, the Changsha metro is under construction.


  • Republic of the Congo Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, since 1982
  • Japan Kagoshima, Japan, since 1982
  • United States Saint Paul, United States, since 1988
  • Singapore Bukit Timah, Singapore, since 1994
  • Switzerland Fribourg, Switzerland, since 1994
  • United States Jersey City, United States, since 1995
  • Belgium Mons, Belgium, since 1998
  • Flag of South Korea Gumi, South Korea, since 1998
  • Brazil Francisco Beltrão, Brazil, since 2000
  • Uganda Entebbe, Uganda, since 2003
  • Australia Auburn Council, Australia, since 2006
  • United States Annapolis, United States, since 2008

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Zhu Rongji (* 1928), politician, prime minister of China from 1998 to 2003
  • He Cui ( b. 1969 ), Chengspieler, music educator and producer