Brazzaville is the capital of the Republic of Congo with 1,115,773 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2005). A landmark in the city is the 106 meters high Nabemba tour.
Brazzaville is located across from Kinshasa at the western end of the Pool Malebo, an impoundment of the Congo. Both cities are connected by a ferry. The city and hence the capital district bordered to the north by the department pool and to the south by the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Is named the city after the Frenchman Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, the French Congo in 1883 docked a station from which the city developed. The station was on the right ( northern ) bank of the pool Malebo formed by the Congo. The area of the station had been ceded to Brazza of Chief Makoko in 1880.
Since 1898, Brazzaville was the capital of the French Congo, and had about 5,000 inhabitants around 1900, by 1950 this number had risen to about 100,000. 1940 French Congo joined the Free French. Brazzaville was on 26 October 1940, a short time the capital of Free France before the seat was eventually moved to Algiers, Algeria. In January 1944, the Conference of Brazzaville on the future order in the French colonial empire took place under the leadership of de Gaulle here.
On March 4, 2012 about 200 people were killed in a series of explosions at a weapons cache.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms is quartered. In the first field in a pretty red set silver flag ( flag pole with flag ), placed in the second field in Azure, a elephant's head en face with right- lying proboscis and accompanied by three golden lilies in row above and one next to the head. The third field shows in gold ( 2:1) Asked red diamonds ( three upright leaves of the cassava plant ), in the last box in silver, a black pile.
Economy and infrastructure
Brazzaville is important node of the navigation on the Congo and end point of a railway to the coast. The international airport of the city is called Brazzaville Maya - Maya.
Brazzaville maintains with the following cities twinning:
- Namibia Windhoek, since end of July 2011
- Dresden, Germany, since 1975
- Washington, D.C., USA
- Dakar, Senegal
- Reims, France, ( officially since 1961 ) revived in November 2011
Sons and daughters of the town
- Emile Biayenda, Jazzperkussionist
- Oscar Ewolo, Congolese national football team
- Rolf- Christel Guié - Mien, German - Congolese football player
- Serge Ibaka, Spanish basketball player of Congolese
- Franchel Ibara, Congolese football player
- Camille Oponga, Congolese football player