1976 Tangshan earthquake

The Tangshan earthquake (Chinese唐山 大 地震, Pinyin Tangshan dàdìzhèn ) on July 28, 1976 in Hebei Province with estimates of up to 650,000 deaths, the most devastating earthquake of the 20th century.

According to official figures, China's total 242 419 people died in the earthquake of magnitude MS = 7.4 killed.

At 3:42 local time clock Tangshan City was shaken by the quake, which had its epicenter 20 km southwest of Tangshan and the stove was 22 kilometers below the surface and almost completely destroyed. The quake also resulted in Tianjin and Beijing, which is 140 kilometers away, to damage. 5.3 million homes were uninhabitable. There were several aftershocks, which claimed more deaths, the strongest of them with a magnitude of 7.1.

At the earthquake today, a stele on the main square in the city center, as well as an earthquake information center, the only museum in China, dealing with earthquakes. The corresponding seismic zone is the Tancheng - Lujiang fault zone郯 城-庐江 断裂带(short: Tan -Lu fault郯 庐 断裂带) that caused the quake in 1976 in its northern section.

The earthquake was the earthquake in Shaanxi in 1556 and the earthquake of 1920, the Haiyuan earthquake with most deaths in China.

The quake was cinematically processed in the disaster movie Aftershock from the year 2010.