Adige river in Verona
Adige river in the lower Vinschgau
The Adige (Italian Adige [a ː did͡ʒe ] Ladin ADesc, trentinisch Ades, among the Romans Athesis ) with its 415 km the second longest river in Italy. It rises in the Alpine region of Alto Adige, flows through northern Italy and flows into the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean).
The Adige rises in the Ötztal Alps on the Reschenpass (1525 m) in South Tyrol, which separates her current area of the of the Inn River, which flows through the Reschensee ( 1482 m) and the Muta and comes with a rapid slope to the Mals Heath and the flat bottom of Glurns. It flows eastward through the Vinschgau Meran and Bozen happens. In Merano Passer flows into the Adige.
Nearby Bolzano their flows to the Eisack and from here down is eponymous for the right rising Überetsch. The Adige river itself flows through the south of South Tyrol and South Tyrol leaves through the Salurn. In the vicinity of Rovereto, it passes through a narrow stream, just before it flows through the Verona Verona Klause ( Chiusa di Verona, German outdated also Berner Klause - see Dietrich von Bern ). Verona is the Adige flows in a plane, the shallow shores are now swampy, the stream itself muddy and sluggish. The lower reaches of the river Adige is often connected to the mouth of the Po.
An arm of the Adige river branches at Legnano south to Tartaro from and empties into the Valli Grandi in this, another arm branched above Castel Baldo to the south and flows as Canale Bianco to the east, is connected to the Po Grande and eventually flows into the Po di Levante. A third arm, the Naviglio Adigetto, branches at Badia from the southeast and flows in the Po Delta on this.
The Adige river itself flows near Porto Fossone, Rovigo, in the Adriatic Sea and limits the Po Delta to the north.
The Adige river runs, with 220 kilometers in South Tyrol. From the Eisackmündung the river for a distance of 297 km is navigable, here he has a width of 78 m. In Verona, there are already 120 m and below the main arm is about 260 m wide, the depth of the river is usually between three and five meters. The difference in height, she travels from the source to Mals, is 630 m, continue to Meran there are again 279 m. Until Legnano is her gap between 1:510 and 1:1.200, in the lower reaches in the plane between 1:6,000 and 1:12,000.
The Adige Valley has always been an important way for migrations and conquests ( Cimbri ). Today, proceeds from the Brenner Pass coming over the Eisack a railway line from Bolzano in the Adige Valley to Verona. Same course takes emanating from the burner Brenner motorway to Modena and the burner - state road (SS 12 ), another highway over the Reschenpass runs from the pass in the course of the Adige, and since 1999, combines the MeBo Bolzano and Merano, a modern multi-lane road. A branch line of the Brenner railway leads from Bolzano to Merano. From Meran to Mals drives today, operated by a South Tyrolean company Vinschgau railway.
The verse " From the Meuse to the Memel, from the Adige to the Belt " from the first verse of the song refers to Germany certain historical settlement boundaries of the German-speaking ethnic groups. Located on the upper reaches of the River Adige South Tyrol is still predominantly German.
In Bolzano Climbers song that is considered the unofficial anthem of the Tyrol, the river in the first stanza is mentioned, which reads as follows: " [ ... ] There where narrow cleft of the rock of the Eisack jumps out of Sigmundskron the Adige river to the Salurner Klaus '. "