Aga Khan III.

Aga Khan III. (Arabic آغا خان الثالث; born November 2, 1877 in Karachi, British India (now Pakistan), † July 11, 1957 ), also known as Sultan Mohammed Shah (Arabic: سلطان محمد شاه ), was from 1885 until his death, the spiritual leader of the Ismaili Nizariten.

Aga Khan III. was the only son of Aga Khan II Under his mother, a daughter of the Iranian dynasty of supervision, he was not only Islamic and oriental educated, but also received a thorough European education, which had remained closed to his father and grandfather. After the death of his father in 1885 he succeeded him as head of the family and religious leader of the Ismailis.

Aga Khan traveled extensively to visit his followers to settle disagreements and to give advice and help. He was a founding member of the Indian Muslim League, which advocated the division of the newly independent India into two states (Pakistan and India).

He received in 1897 by Queen Victoria, the Order of the Star of India ( GCSI ). Other awards were given to him by the German Emperor Wilhelm II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from the Shah of Persia and other potentates. In 1934 he was appointed to the British Privy Council. In 1937 he was elected president of the Geneva Assembly of the League of Nations and moved from Bombay to Geneva.

Aga Khan III. bred thoroughbreds, including five winners in the Epsom Derby.

He was buried in Aswan ( Upper Egypt ), where he had many years spent the winter months in order to seek healing from a rheumatism. The Begum, his last, originating from France woman left, on the western bank of the Nile to build a mausoleum ( ⊙ 24.08825432.878722 ) overlooking the Nile. She was later buried there myself.

After his death, his grandson, Aga Khan IV succeeded as ruler of the Ismailis.

Aga Khan III. was married four times. In 1893 he married Shahazda Begum, 1903 Teresa Magliano, Andrée Joséphine Carron 1929 and 1944 Yvette Blanche Labrousse, "Miss Lyon " in 1929 and " Miss France " of 1930, which received the name Om Habibah.