The Greek island of Agathonisi (Greek Αγαθονήσι (n. sg. ) ) Is the northernmost inhabited island of Dodecanese. Along with several uninhabited islands, it forms the second smallest municipality of inhabitants ( dimos δήμος ) Greece within the region South Aegean.
- 2.1 community
The 13.417 km ² large island Agathonisi is located in the eastern Aegean Sea about 18 km west of the coast of Asia Minor. The nearest islands are about 20 km north of Samos, Arki and Lipsi 19 km west 22 km southwest.
The extension in west-east direction is 7.5 km, the maximum width is located in north-south direction at 3.4 km, at the narrowest point 1.6 km away. The coastline is very structured, with the exception of the Northwest Coast by numerous bays. The largest bays are located on the south coast, to the west Ormos Chochlia ( Όρμος Χοχλιά ), in the middle of the deep interior of the island drastic harbor bay Ormos Aghios Georgios ( Όρμος Αγίου Γεοργίου ) and to the east that also deep bay Ormos Poros ( Όρμος Πόρος ).
Apart from nearly vertical rock cliffs on the northwest coast of the relief is gentle. Following the longitudinal orientation of the island rises in the Heart of a range of hills with the Kastro ( Κάστρο ) in the east over the Kleftos ( Κλεφτός ) up to the highest point dendra ( Δένδρα ) with 209 m in the west steadily. The mountain Styfi ( Στυφή ) in the southwest reaches 208 m.
From the North to the East Coast are the uninhabited islands Pitta, Strongyli, Praso, Neronisi, Katsaganaki and Katsagani upstream and about 1.8 km off the south coast Kounelonisi clockwise. The sea depth between Agathonisi and Kounelonisi is 81 m to the other islands of no more than 50 m.
Phrygana stocks and degraded maquis dominate the landscape on Agathonisi. Higher vegetation form scattered standing carob trees and a few olive and fig trees. Bonsai -shaped bushes indicate a Überweidungsproblem caused by a considerable goat population.
From Agathonisi five reptile species have been recorded. Besides the two gecko species European Halffinger ( Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus ) and Aegean nude finger ( Mediodactylus kotschyi ) and the Hardun ( Laudakia stellio ), the Snake Eyes Lizard Ophisops elegans as well as the only snake the Balkan Spring Snake ( Coluber caspius ).
The individual islands
The earliest settlement in the 3rd millennium BC, evidenced by archaeological excavations from 2006 to 2010 at Kastraki. In the Middle Ages Agathonisi was a stronghold of pirates. From the 19th century, the island became increasingly populated by Patmos .. The old name of the island is Gaidaros, the ancient name Tragea.
Unlike many Greek communities have been created by the administrative reform of 2010, the municipality Agathonisi since 1954 already exists. Agathonisi that time was separated with the surrounding islands as an independent country parish of the municipality of Patmos.
The inhabited places Megalo Chorio (, vast village also Megalo Agathonisi ), Mikro Chorio (, small village ' also micro Agathonisi ) are not visible from the sea above the harbor bay Ormos Aghios Georgios. In addition, the port of Agios Georgios exists ( Άγιος Γεώργιος ) and in the northeast the uninhabited since the 1960s Katholiko ( Καθολικό ).
Economy and Transport
The population lives on the declining agriculture, fishing (now there are two fish farms ) and the increasingly important individual tourism.
The ferry services are irregular. Only a small part of the small road network is paved. About the nearest airport in Samos the connection to the national and international air traffic. Northeast above Megalo Chorio is for emergencies an heliport.