Alma is a small town ( with a status of "City" ) and the administrative seat of Buffalo County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. In 2010, Alma had 781 inhabitants.
Almma is located in western Wisconsin, at the mouth of the Buffalo River in the Mississippi River, which forms the border with Minnesota. The geographic coordinates of Alma are 44 ° 20 'north latitude and 91 ° 55 ' west longitude. The city covers an area of 20.2 km ², spread to 15.2 km ² land and 5.0 km ² water surface.
Between Alma and the opposite shore of Minnesota is located at Lock and Dam No.. 4 is one of 28 dams and locks that allow the navigation on the upper Mississippi.
By Alma leads Coming from the north of Wisconsin Highway 35 in the town center is the western terminus of the Wisconsin Highway 37
The nearest major cities are Rochester in Minnesota ( about 60 km southwest ), Eau Claire (about 60 km north-east ), La Crosse (about 75 km south-east ) and the Twin Cities ( Minneapolis and Saint Paul ) in Minnesota (about 120 km north-west ).
According to the census in 2010 lived in Alma 781 people in 386 households. The population density was 51.4 inhabitants per square kilometer. In the 386 households lived statistically 1.95 per person.
The racial the population was composed of 98.5 percent White, 0.1 percent (one person) Black or African American, 0.4 percent Native American and 0.1 percent Asian; 0.9 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 0.6 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
15.4 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 57.1 percent were between 18 and 64 and 27.5 percent were 65 years or older. 49.0 percent of the population was female.
The median annual income for a household was $ 37,841. The per capita income was $ 25,564. 9.9 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
- Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) - psychologist, pediatrician and co-founder of developmental psychology - born and raised in Alma
Economy and culture
Alma is one of Wisconsin 's historic cities along the Great River Road, a compilation of U.S. Highways, State Routes and County Roads joined by ten U.S. states and two Canadian provinces along contiguous leads on both banks of the Mississippi. Leading by Alma part is designated as a National Scenic Byway, a road which is characterized in its course through attractions with an outstanding archaeological, cultural or historical significance, through an environment with a high recreational and leisure value or particularly significant natural and landscape conditions.
Thanks to its preserved in the European style of the 19th century built into the cliffs by the river building ( remnants of the first settlers Swiss origin) is performed Almas " Main Street " in the National Register of Historic Places (National Register of Historic Places ).
Above the dam there is a main breeding place of the bald eagle.