The American League is next to the National League is one of two leagues in the U.S. Professional Baseball League Major League Baseball. She went out in 1899 from the Western League and is considered to be a Major League since 1901. Since 1903, the winners of the National League and American League to play for the World Series.
- 3.1 Eastern Division
- 3.2 Central Division
- 3.3 Western Division
History and Team
From its foundation in 1901 as a Major League eight teams fighting for the title. All eight teams are still active in this league, but a plurality of location changes and name changes have taken place:
Still active in the city of origin are the
But when founding members also include
- The champions New York Yankees ( founded as the Baltimore Orioles )
- What is today the Baltimore Orioles ( founded as the Milwaukee Brewers and long resident of St. Louis),
- The Oakland Athletics ( only Philadelphia, then Kansas City ) and
- The Minnesota Twins, originally from Washington.
The multiple homonyms ensure easy for confusion, especially as the team in general, despite the move and rename the previous history (such as the Master title) " reserve ".
Through various movements have increased since 1977, now fourteen teams in the American League. Teams are considered to be so-called expansion:
- Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim,
- Texas Rangers, including 11 years in a Washington resident
- The Kansas City Royals
- The Seattle Mariners,
- The Toronto Blue Jays which remains the only Canadian team in the American League ( in the National League played at times with the Montreal Expos another Canadian team ) and
- As far last new recording 1998, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, Tampa Bay Rays today. In the same year founded the Seattle Pilots in 1969 Milwaukee Brewers switched the first and currently the only team from the American to the National League to a straight inter alia, ensure each number of teams in each league.
The record champions are the New York Yankees with 40 titles already.
1969 to today
Since 1969, the Championship will be held in so-called divisions. The selected according to geographical criteria East or West Division determined to 1993 each have a division winner, then in the Championship Series ( ALCS ) playing off the master of the AL.
Since 1994, the game operation is carried out in three divisions (East, Central and West). The three division winners and the best second (so-called wild-card ) then determine on a semi-final ( Division Series, ALDS ) and final ( Championship Series ) the title holder. To the respective results of the ALDS compare World Series.
* Winner of the Wild Card
The following overview shows the title wins of the teams in the last 42 years. As in the overall statistics also lead the New York Yankees unchallenged. After that, the league is relatively balanced: Only one of the current 14 teams remained in this period without winning the title (Seattle Mariners, losers in the ALCS in 1995, 2000 and 2001). With Tampa Bay and Texas in 2008 and 2010 that was unsuccessful teams were able to get their first title.
The game operation is divided since 1994 into three divisions ( geographically to East, Central and West). With the addition of Tampa Bay 1998, the date last assignment change was necessary: Detroit was transferred from the Eastern to the Central Division, the Milwaukee Brewers switched to the National League. From 2013 to change the Houston Astros from the NL Central to the AL West.
The tables below show the rankings of the teams since that date.
- Baltimore Orioles
- Boston Red Sox
- New York Yankees
- Tampa Bay Rays
- Toronto Blue Jays
- Chicago White Sox
- Cleveland Indians
- Detroit Tigers
- Minnesota Twins
- Kansas City Royals
- Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- Oakland Athletics
- Seattle Mariners
- Texas Rangers
- Houston Astros ( from 2013 )
Rule difference to the National League
There is a difference in the baseball rules between the leagues. In the American League the pitcher needs to be used since 1973 only on the defensive. For it suggests in the American League, an additional batsman, called the designated hitter ( DH). In contrast, the pitcher must be used as a hitter in the National League.
Baltimore Orioles | Boston Red Sox | New York Yankees | Tampa Bay Rays | Toronto Blue Jays
Chicago White Sox | Cleveland Indians | Detroit Tigers | Kansas City Royals | Minnesota Twins
Houston Astros | Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim | Oakland Athletics | Seattle Mariners | Texas Rangers
- Baseball competition
- Founded in 1901