Bhattarai studied at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu, at the Chandigarh College of Architecture, School of Planning and Architecture and at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi. End of August 2011, he was the successor of Jhala Nath Khanal as Prime Minister in Nepal. In March 2013 he was replaced by Khil Raj Regmi.
Bhattarai is married to Hishila Yami.
- The Nature of Underdevelopment and Regional structure of Nepal: A Marxist Analysis, Adroit Publishers, Delhi, 2003
- Politico - Economic Rationale of People 's War in Nepal, Utprerak Publications, Kathmandu, 1998
- Nepal! krantika adharharu ( in Nepali ), Janadisha Publications, 2004