Bruce Edwards Ivins

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Bruce Edwards Ivins ( born April 22, 1946 in Lebanon, OH; † July 29, 2008 in Frederick, MD ) was an American microbiologist, immunologist and researcher for biological weapons at the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases ( USAMRIID ) in Fort Detrick in Maryland. He is according to the FBI and local prosecutor prime suspect of the anthrax attacks of 2001.


Ivins earned a Bachelor of Science ( 1968), a Master of Science (1971) and a Ph.D. (1976 ), each in microbiology and each awarded by the University of Cincinnati. His dissertation has the toxicity of pathogenic bacteria on the topic. Ivins was employed at United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases since 1983.

Ivins published at least 44 scientific papers, the oldest is dated 18 May 1969. He is the holder of two U.S. Patents No. 6316006 (2001; asporogenic B anthracis expression system) and No. 6,387,665 (2002; Method of making a vaccine for anthrax ).


On the morning of July 27, 2008 Ivins was found unconscious at home and in the Frederick Memorial Hospital (Maryland) admitted, where he died two days later; cause of death as an overdose of the painkiller Tylenol was found. A few days before he became aware that the FBI was investigating him for the anthrax attacks of 2001.

A consortium of the U.S. Academy of Sciences questions the relevance of the evidence provided, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, according to which the U.S. Army researcher Bruce Ivins was responsible for the anthrax dissemination. There was no evidence on the links between the anthrax bacteria in the laboratory in Maryland and the spores in the letters.